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To investigate the interaction in speech perception of auditory information and lexical knowledge (in particular, knowledge of which phonetic sequences are words), acoustic continua varying in voice onset time were constructed so that for each acoustic continuum, one of the two possible phonetic categorizations made a word and the other did not. For(More)
Utilizing an immunocytochemical technique wherein two different antigens can be visualized on the same tissue section, angiotensin-like immunoreactivity was found in rat adenohypophyseal cells that showed staining with antisera to hLH, hFSH or human prolactin. Angiotensin-like immunoreactivity was not found in cells that showed staining with antisera to(More)
1. The circumventricular organs (CVO) are structures that permit polypeptide hypothalamic hormones to leave the brain without disrupting the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and permit substances that do not cross the BBB to trigger changes in brain function. 2. In mammals, CVO include only the median eminence and adjacent neurohypophysis, organum vasculosum(More)
The role of brain catecholamines in the regulation of growth hormone secretion was investigated in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs by using drugs which modify the function of adrenergic neurons and receptors. Intravenous administration of L-dopa produced a prompt, statistically significant increase in plasma growth hormone concentration. This response was(More)
The effects of ablation of the nucleus medianus on drinking and vasopressin secretion were studied in male Long-Evans rats. The amount of water drunk in 1 h was assessed after subcutaneous injection of 5.8% NaCl (13.34 mosm/kg) or of angiotensin II (1.5 mg/kg). In a separate test with no water available, plasma vasopressin was measured 15 min after the(More)
In addition to increasing blood pressure, stimulating aldosterone and vasopressin secretion, and increasing water intake, angiotensin II affects the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones. Some of these effects are direct. There are angiotensin II receptors on lactotropes and corticotropes in rats, and there may be receptors on thyrotropes and other(More)
1. In rats and in at least some other species, IV and IVT AII stimulate ACTH secretion. 2. Although AII increases ACTH secretion by a direct action on pituitary cells in vitro, it appears to act instead by stimulating CRH secretion in vivo. 3. The CRH stimulating effect of circulating AII is mediated by an action of the AII on one or more of the(More)
A unique aspect of the circulating renin-angiotensin system and the many independent tissue renin-angiotensin systems is their interactions at multiple levels with reproduction. These interactions, which have received relatively little attention, include effects of estrogens and possibly androgens on hepatic and renal angiotensinogen mRNA; effects of(More)
Plasma LH and "estradiol" were measured by radioimmunoassay in female rats 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, and 80 days of age, and the changes in these hormone levels 24 h after ovariectomy, ovariectomy plus adrenalectomy, and estrogen injection were determined. Plasma "estradiol" was high at 5 days of age; it increased further to a peak at 15 days of age, and(More)