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The typical functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) study presents a formidable problem of multiple statistical comparisons (i.e., > 10,000 in a 128 x 128 image). To protect against false positives, investigators have typically relied on decreasing the per pixel false positive probability. This approach incurs an inevitable loss of power to detect(More)
The comprehension of visually presented sentences produces brain activation that increases with the linguistic complexity of the sentence. The volume of neural tissue activated (number of voxels) during sentence comprehension was measured with echo-planar functional magnetic resonance imaging. The modulation of the volume of activation by sentence(More)
More than one subject is scanned in a typical functional brain imaging experiment. How can the scientist make best use of the acquired data to map the specific areas of the brain that become active during the performance of different tasks? It is clear that we can gain both scientific and statistical power by pooling the images from multiple subjects;(More)
Two studies examined how the amount and type of computational demand are related to fMRI-measured activation in three bilateral cortical regions involved in the Shepard-Metzler (1971) mental-rotation paradigm. The amount of demand for the computation of visuospatial coordinates was manipulated by presenting mental rotation problems with increasing angular(More)
Cognitive and brain maturational changes continue throughout late childhood and adolescence. During this time, increasing cognitive control over behavior enhances the voluntary suppression of reflexive/impulsive response tendencies. Recently, with the advent of functional MRI, it has become possible to characterize changes in brain activity during cognitive(More)
Functional neuroimaging previously has been considered to provide inadequate temporal resolution to study changes of brain states as a function of cognitive computations; however, we have obtained evidence of differential amounts of brain activity related to high-level cognition (sentence processing) within 1.5 s of stimulus onset. The study used an(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using blood oxygenation contrast has rapidly spread into many application areas. In this paper, a new statistical model is used to evaluate the reliability of fMRI activation in a finger opposition motor paradigm for both within-session and between-session data and in a working memory paradigm for between-session(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that deficits in spatial working memory in autism are due to abnormalities in prefrontal circuitry. METHODS Functional MRI (fMRI) at 3 T was performed in 11 rigorously diagnosed non-mentally retarded autistic and six healthy volunteers while they performed an oculomotor spatial working memory task and a visually guided(More)
Recent positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in humans have localized the frontal eye field (FEF) to the precentral sulcus (PCS). In macaque monkeys, low-threshold microstimulation and single unit recording studies have located a saccadic subregion of FEF in a restricted area along the anterior wall of(More)
A common problem in the analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data is quantifying the statistical reliability of an estimated activation map. While visual comparison of the classified active regions across replications of an experiment can sometimes by informative, it is typically difficult to draw firm conclusions by inspection; noise(More)