William F C Rigby

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Stress granules (SGs) are dynamic cytoplasmic foci at which stalled translation initiation complexes accumulate in cells subjected to environmental stress. SG-associated proteins such as TIA-1, TIAR and HuR bind to AU-rich element (ARE)-containing mRNAs and control their translation and stability. Here we show that tristetraprolin (TTP), an ARE-binding(More)
Several recent studies have suggested a role for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) in myeloid differentiation. We have examined the effects of calcitriol on the U937 monoblast cell line and found that calcitriol, at near physiologic concentrations, is a potent inhibitor of U937 growth. Moreover, calcitriol induces differentiation to a(More)
The expression of CD154 (CD40 ligand) by activated T lymphocytes plays a central role in humoral and cellular immunity. The fundamental importance of this protein in mounting an immune response has made it an attractive target for immunomodulation. Several studies have demonstrated that CD154 expression is regulated at the level of mRNA turnover in a manner(More)
OBJECTIVES This phase III study evaluated the efficacy and safety of rituximab plus methotrexate (MTX) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had an inadequate response to MTX and who were naïve to prior biological treatment. METHODS Patients with active disease on stable MTX (10-25 mg/week) were randomised to rituximab 2 x 500 mg (n=168),(More)
BACKGROUND In the IMAGEstudy, rituximab plus methotrexate (MTX) inhibited joint damage and improved clinical outcomes at 1 year in MTX-naïve patients with early active rheumatoid arthritis. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess joint damage progression and clinical outcomes over 2 years. METHODS Patients (n=755) were randomised to receive(More)
OBJECTIVES The efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ), an anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody, has not previously been evaluated in a population consisting exclusively of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS In a double-blind randomised controlled trial (FUNCTION), 1162 methotrexate (MTX)-naive patients with early progressive RA were randomly(More)
INTRODUCTION Rituximab (RTX) therapy of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) exhibits enhanced effectiveness in seropositive patients. Using patient sera, we tested if this improved efficacy was associated with enhanced RTX mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity (RTX-CDC). METHODS We developed an in vitro assay for RTX-CDC using patient sera and the Daudi human(More)
INTRODUCTION We hypothesized that serum levels of C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13), a B-cell chemokine, would delineate a subset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients characterized by increased humoral immunity. METHODS Serum from patients with established RA (the Dartmouth RA Cohort) was analyzed for CXCL13, rheumatoid factor (RF) levels,(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has been implicated in the development and pathogenicity of infectious diseases and autoimmune disorders, such as septic shock and arthritis. The zinc-finger protein tristetraprolin (TTP) has been identified as a major regulator of TNF biosynthesis. To define its intracellular location and examine its regulation of TNF, a(More)