William F Blakemore

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Elucidation of the response of oligodendrocyte progenitor cell populations to demyelination in the adult central nervous system (CNS) is critical to understanding why remyelination fails in multiple sclerosis. Using the anti-NG2 monoclonal antibody to identify oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, we have documented their response to antibody-induced(More)
Age is one of the many factors that influence remyelination following CNS demyelination, although it is not clear whether it is the extent or rate of remyelination that is affected. To resolve this issue we have compared remyelination in young and old adult rat CNS following gliotoxin-induced demyelination. Remyelination of areas of ethidium bromide-induced(More)
The transplantation of well defined populations of precursor cells offers a means of repairing damaged tissue and of delivering therapeutic compounds to sites of injury or degeneration. For example, a functional immune system can be reconstituted by transplantation of purified haematopoietic stem cells, and transplanted skeletal myoblasts and keratinocytes(More)
Areas of persistent demyelination were created in the dorsal columns of the cat spinal cord by injecting ethidium bromide into white matter which had previously been exposed to 40 Grays of X-irradiation. In the centre of such lesions demyelinated axons occurred in a glial-free area while axons next to normal tissue were separated by astrocyte processes. No(More)
Small volumes of ethidium bromide were injected into the dorsal column of the spinal cord of cats. Oligodendrocytes and astrocytes showed morphological evidence of intoxication by ethidium bromide from 2 days after injection. However, apart from around the point of injection and the needle tract, demyelination did not occur until between 8 and 14 days. Both(More)
In multiple sclerosis, demyelination of the CNS axons is associated with axonal injury and degeneration, which is now accepted as the major cause of neurological disability in the disease. Although the kinetics and the extent of axonal damage have been described in detail, the mechanisms by which it occurs are as yet unclear; one suggestion is failure of(More)
Human neural precursors are considered to have widespread therapeutic possibilities on account of their ability to provide large numbers of cells whilst retaining multipotentiality. Application to human demyelinating diseases requires improved understanding of the signalling requirements underlying the generation of human oligodendrocytes from immature cell(More)
In order to investigate the remyelinating potential of mature oligodendrocytes in vivo, we have developed a model of demyelination in the adult rat spinal cord in which some oligodendrocytes survive demyelination. A single intraspinal injection of complement proteins plus antibodies to galactocerebroside (the major myelin sphingolipid) resulted in(More)
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) gives rise to a biphasic disease of the central nervous system (CNS) following intracranial inoculation of susceptible strains of mice. The early phase, during the first month, resembles poliomyelitis and in the late phase the mice suffer from inflammatory demyelination reminiscent of multiple sclerosis. In(More)