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INTRODUCTION The concept of acoustic interference is familiar to anyone who has tried to have a conversation in a noisy restaurant or to listen for the ring of a phone in another room through the acoustic clutter from a nearby television. In such situations the collective noise from many sources or the clutter of voices coming from a single location may(More)
Acute effects of anthropogenic sounds on marine mammals, such as from military sonars, energy development, and offshore construction, have received considerable international attention from scientists, regulators, and industry. Moreover, there has been increasing recognition and concern about the potential chronic effects of human activities (e.g.,(More)
Caged fish were exposed to sound from mid-frequency active (MFA) transducers in a 5 × 5 planar array which simulated MFA sounds at received sound pressure levels of 210 dB SPL(re 1 μPa). The exposure sound consisted of a 2 s frequency sweep from 2.8 to 3.8 kHz followed by a 1 s tone at 3.3 kHz. The sound sequence was repeated every 25 s for five repetitions(More)
Between 1984 and 1993, visual and acoustic methods were combined to census the Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, population. Passive acoustic location was based on arrival-time differences of transient bowhead sounds detected on sparse arrays of three to five hydrophones distributed over distances of 1.5-4.5 km along the ice edge.(More)
The efficacy and safety of a 3-day regimen of sparfloxacin were compared with those of a 3-day regimen of ofloxacin for the treatment of community-acquired acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections. Four hundred nineteen women were enrolled in a randomized, open-label, observer-blinded, multicenter study; 204 received sparfloxacin as a 400-mg loading(More)
The effect of underwater anthropogenic sound on marine mammals is of increasing concern. Here we show that humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) song in the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (SBNMS) was reduced, concurrent with transmissions of an Ocean Acoustic Waveguide Remote Sensing (OAWRS) experiment approximately 200 km away. We detected the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of civamide cream 0.075% for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. METHODS We conducted a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind study with a 52-week open-label extension. Patients with OA of the knee received either civamide cream 0.075% or a lower dose of civamide cream, 0.01%, as the(More)