William Egner

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ANA IIF is an effective screening assay in patients with clinical features of SLE and will detect most anti-ssDNA, anti-dsDNA, ENAs, and other autoantibodies. False positives are common. The clinical importance cannot be extrapolated from the ANA titre or pattern, although higher titres (> 1/160) are more likely to be important. HEp-2 cells are the most(More)
Patients with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1) suffer from multiple organ-specific autoimmunity with autoantibodies against target tissue-specific autoantigens. Endocrine and nonendocrine organs such as skin, hair follicles, and liver are targeted by the immune system. Despite sporadic observations of pulmonary symptoms among APS-1 patients,(More)
Chlorhexidine allergy has been described in the literature, mainly in Japanese individuals. Most reactions have been limited to the skin, mild in severity and a result of chlorhexidine containing solutions such as 'Savlon' (Novartis Consumer Health, Horesham, UK). We describe what we believe is the first reported case of anaphylaxis in a European patient to(More)
It is crucially important to detect subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) in all patients in whom it has occurred to select patients for angiography and preventative surgery. A computerized tomography (CT) scan is positive in up to 98% of patients with SAH presenting within 12 h, but is positive in only 50% of those presenting within one week. Cerebrospinal fluid(More)
Cryoglobulins are serum immunoglobulins that precipitate at temperatures below 37 degrees C and re-dissolve on warming. Cryoglobulinaemia leads to variable symptoms including characteristic purpura, ischaemia of extremities, renal failure, peripheral neuropathy, abdominal pain secondary to intestinal ischaemia and arthralgias. Cryoglobulin testing is(More)
To assess current practice in the detection, analysis, and reporting of cryoglobulins, a questionnaire was sent to 140 laboratories. Only 36% of laboratories used standard procedures (tube preheating, transport in container, and sedimentation and/or centrifugation at 37 degrees C) to ensure that the temperature did not drop below 37 degrees C until after(More)
OBJECTIVE Dental treatment involves the use of a wide range of materials. Many of the dental materials or their components pose a potential risk to the patient and member of the dental team. Pre-market biocompatibility testing cannot guarantee absolute safety, making monitoring of materials likely to cause an adverse reaction essential. The prevalence of(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of mixed cryoglobulinaemia. Several studies have shown the presence of anti-HCV antibodies and HCV-RNA in both sera and cryoglobulins of such patients. However, the prevalence and clinical significance of cryoglobulins remain uncertain in patients with chronic HCV infection. We have(More)
Titration of antibodies against neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens (cANCA), as detected by indirect immunofluorescence, is shown to be clinically useful for monitoring disease activity in Wegener's granulomatosis and microscopic polyarteritis. Ten patients were followed (eight from presentation) prospectively for up to 2 years; during this time there were six(More)
As a consequence of the significantly larger inoculum of lymphoid cells present in peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) harvests compared to bone marrow (BM), it is possible that autoPBSCT recipients may have an earlier and*or enhanced response to vaccines. Until data to confirm this become available, the European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Association(More)