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During the innate immune response to infection, monocyte-derived cytokines (monokines), stimulate natural killer (NK) cells to produce immunoregulatory cytokines that are important to the host's early defense. Human NK cell subsets can be distinguished by CD56 surface density expression (ie, CD56(bright) and CD56(dim)). In this report, it is shown that(More)
Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) in breast cancer may be used in place of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) if SNB accurately stages the axilla. This study assessed the success and accuracy of axillary SNB with isosulfan blue (ISB) and technetium-99 sulfur colloid (TSC) compared to ALND. Methods: Forty-two women with T1 or T2 breast cancer(More)
PURPOSE This randomized clinical trial tests the hypothesis that a psychological intervention can reduce emotional distress, improve health behaviors and dose-intensity, and enhance immune responses. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied 227 women who were surgically treated for regional breast cancer. Before adjuvant therapy, women completed interviews and(More)
BACKGROUND The question of whether stress poses a risk for cancer progression has been difficult to answer. A randomized clinical trial tested the hypothesis that cancer patients coping with their recent diagnosis but receiving a psychologic intervention would have improved survival compared with patients who were only assessed. METHODS A total of 227(More)
Interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a novel cytokine that has recently been cloned and expressed. Whereas it has no sequence homology with IL-2, IL-15 interacts with components of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R). In the present study we performed a functional analysis of recombinant IL-15 on phenotypically and functionally distinct populations of highly purified human(More)
Research connects stressful events with altered immune regulation, but the role of subjective stress is uncertain. Using a longitudinal design, we provide a statistically powerful test of the relationship between subjective stress (perceived stress, emotional distress) and immunity (T cell blastogenesis, natural killer cell cytotoxicity, [NKCC]) as(More)
BACKGROUND Regulation of gene expression by signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) within host tissues mediates the antitumor effects of interferon alfa (IFN alpha). We used a novel flow cytometric assay to examine phosphorylation-mediated activation of STAT1 within immune effector cell subsets following in vitro or in vivo IFN alpha(More)
The administration of therapeutic doses of recombinant cytokines to patients with malignant disease can be complicated by systemic toxicities, which in their most severe form may present as a systemic inflammatory response. The combination of interleukin (IL)-18 and IL-12 has synergistic antitumor activity in vivo yet has been associated with significant(More)
Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cells (MDSC) are a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells that are increased in states of cancer, inflammation and infection. In malignant states, MDSC are induced by tumor secreted growth factors. MDSC play an important part in suppression of host immune responses through several mechanisms such as production of(More)
Proteins belonging to the suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family have been shown to regulate cytokine signal transduction in various cell types but their role in modulating the response of immune cells to IFN-alpha has not been fully explored. We hypothesized that SOCS proteins would inhibit the antitumor activity of IFN-alpha-stimulated immune(More)