William E. Winter

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This review considers the epidemiologic evidence of an increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth, the classification and diagnostic issues related to diabetes in young populations, pathophysiologic mechanisms relevant to the increasing incidence, the role of genetics and environment, and the community challenge for prevention and treatment. Type 2(More)
CONTEXT Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. It is a pro-inflammatory state as evidenced by increased circulating biomarkers and monocyte activity. The toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors, expressed abundantly on monocytes. TLR2 and TLR4 are important in atherosclerosis. However, there is a(More)
PURPOSE To identify factors predictive of poor prognosis in a similarly treated population of women with stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective review of 360 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IV EOC who underwent primary surgery followed by six cycles of intravenous(More)
PURPOSE Conflicting results on prognostic factors for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) have been reported because of small sample size and heterogeneity of study population. The purpose of this study was to identify factors predictive of poor prognosis in a similarly treated population of women with advanced EOC. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
Recent studies have shown that insulin autoantibodies occur in patients with newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) before exogenous insulin treatment. Our study was designed to test the hypothesis that insulin autoantibodies, like cytoplasmic islet cell antibodies (ICAs), can identify individuals with ongoing autoimmune beta-cell(More)
Twelve of 129 black patients with youth-onset diabetes were identified as having an unusual clinical course, with apparent insulin dependence at the time of presentation followed by absence of dependence months to years later. This atypical form of diabetes was found in at least two generations in 9 of the 12 families of the propositi. Fourteen of the(More)
Maturity onset diabetes of the young is characterized by early onset diabetes inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Classic MODY occurs predominantly in Caucasians and presents before age 25, is nonketotic, and is generally not insulin-requiring. Less than 5% of cases of childhood diabetes in Caucasians are caused by MODY. ADM is a subtype of MODY(More)
In the 1960’s, Fajans’ and colleagues identified a group of children and young adults with noninsulin-dependent, “maturity-onset” type, diabetes that was clearly inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern [1]. This “maturity onset diabetes of the young” (MODY) served as a striking contrast to the major form of insulin-dependent diabetes observed in youth(More)
We prospectively followed 29 children and adolescents over a 1- to 8-year period who were referred for evaluation of hyperglycemia (in the absence of diabetes) or glycosuria found on routine screening or during acute illness. On initial examination, four subjects had islet cell autoantibodies, 4 of 22 had an abnormal intravenous glucose tolerance test(More)