William E. R. Ollier

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General intelligence is an important human quantitative trait that accounts for much of the variation in diverse cognitive abilities. Individual differences in intelligence are strongly associated with many important life outcomes, including educational and occupational attainments, income, health and lifespan. Data from twin and family studies are(More)
Behçet's disease is a genetically complex disease of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent inflammatory attacks affecting the orogenital mucosa, eyes and skin. We performed a genome-wide association study with 311,459 SNPs in 1,215 individuals with Behçet's disease (cases) and 1,278 healthy controls from Turkey. We confirmed the known association of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if polymorphisms of the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene are associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography was used to screen the MIF gene in 32 UK Caucasian controls and 88 UK Caucasian JIA patients. Ninety-two healthy UK Caucasian controls were then(More)
A functional brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphism (Val66Met) that alters activity-dependent secretion has previously been reported to influence cognitive functioning. A large proportion of these reports suggest that the Met allele, which results in reduced secretion of BDNF, impairs long-term memory as a direct consequence of its(More)
Giant cell (temporal) arteritis (GCA) is the most common systemic vasculitis in Western countries. It involves large and medium-sized vessels with predisposition to the cranial arteries in the elderly. Cranial ischemic complications, in particular permanent visual loss, constitute the most feared aspects of this vasculitis. Although the use of(More)
Immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia (IMHA) is the commonest immune-mediated disease of the dog, representing a major health concern to this species. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether genetic susceptibility to IMHA is associated with genes of the canine major histocompatibility complex (MHC; dog leucocyte antigen system, DLA). Samples(More)
A 2-stage population screening survey of 2,000 inhabitants of 2 rural townships in southern Nigeria was undertaken. No case of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was discovered in those responding, although 3 cases of inflammatory polyarthritis were found. One of these individuals satisfied the modification of the American College of Rheumatology classification tree(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable childhood-onset psychiatric condition characterized by developmentally inappropriate inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. The pathophysiology of ADHD is currently unknown. However, the therapeutic effects of stimulant medication together with findings from animal and(More)
OBJECTIVE Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a powerful mediator of inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In vivo, its acute effects are limited by binding to soluble receptors (TNFR), suggesting that TNFR genes could be important candidate risk factors. The present study was undertaken to investigate association of polymorphisms of TNFRI and TNFRII with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate interleukin 10 (IL-10) gene promoter polymorphisms in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its clinical subsets. METHODS DNA from 76 Caucasian patients with SLE and 119 controls as genotyped for 3 defined dimorphic polymorphisms (G or A at position -1082, C or T at position -819, C or A at position -592) in the promoter region(More)