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BACKGROUND Intravenous alteplase for acute ischemic stroke is least efficacious for patients with proximal large-artery occlusions and clinically severe strokes. Intra-arterial therapy has the theoretical advantage of establishing a neurovascular diagnosis and high symptomatic artery patency rate but the disadvantage of requiring extra time and technical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Accuracy of intracranial magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and reliability of interpretation are not well established compared to conventional selective catheter angiography. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of MRA in evaluation of intracranial vessels in acute stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA)(More)
The use of diffusion weighted imaging with apparent diffusion coefficient mapping in the diagnosis of cerebral fat embolism is shown here to demonstrate infarcts secondary to fat emboli more intensely than T2 weighted sequences 24 hours after the onset of symptoms. Embolic foci are hypointense on apparent diffusion coefficient mapping consistent with(More)
We describe a case of asymptomatic extravasation of iodinated contrast material into the sulci on digital subtraction angiography following carotid angioplasty and stenting resulting in sulcal hyperdensity on computed tomography (CT). We believe the mechanism for this observation is hyperperfusion injury and that in the absence of any associated clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Neurosarcoidosis is often a devastating, refractory condition without definite pharmacotherapies beyond corticosteroids. AIM To describe a case of steroid-refractory neurosarcoidosis with a marked clinical and radiological response to infliximab. METHODS We describe the case of a young female patient with biopsy-proven neurosarcoidosis(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly important for the early detection of suboptimal responders to disease-modifying therapy for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Treatment response criteria are becoming more stringent with the use of composite measures, such as no evidence of disease activity (NEDA), which combines clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND Cricoid pressure is a routine component of rapid sequence induction and is designed to reduce the risk of reflux and its associated morbidity. Recent studies have raised questions regarding the efficacy of cricoid pressure in terms of changes in the pharyngeal and esophageal anatomy. OBJECTIVE This current descriptive study was designed to(More)
We report on a flow-through optical sensor consisting of a microcapillary with mirrored channels. Illuminating the structure from the side results in a complicated spectral interference pattern due to the different cavities formed between the inner and outer capillary walls. Using a Fourier transform technique to isolate the desired channel modes and(More)