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The authors investigated whether expertise is more likely to mitigate age declines when experts rely on environmental support in a pilot/Air Traffic Control (ATC) communication task. Pilots and nonpilots listened to ATC messages that described a route through an airspace, while they referred to a chart of the airspace. They read back (repeated) each message(More)
The influence of expertise and task factors on age differences in a simulated pilot-Air Traffic Control (ATC) communication task was examined. Young, middle-aged, and older pilots and nonpilots listened to ATC messages that described a route through an airspace, during which they referred to a chart of this airspace. Participants read back each message and(More)
BACKGROUND Research on pharmacotherapy received by individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a relatively common and impairing disorder, is very limited. METHODS We examined past and current pharmacotherapy received by 151 individuals with BDD who were recruited from diverse sources. RESULTS 72.9% of subjects had received psychotropic medication.(More)
OBJECTIVE Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a distressing or impairing preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance, is an often-severe, understudied disorder. We determined BDD's prevalence and clinical features on a general adult psychiatric inpatient unit. To our knowledge, only one previous prevalence study has been done in this setting.(More)
We investigated whether expertise reduced age-related declines in pilot communication , using multiple expertise measures and laboratory tasks varying in domain relevance. Younger, middle-aged, and older pilots and nonpilots listened to air traffic control messages that described an aircraft's route through an airspace, while they referred to a chart of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the course of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a relatively common and severe disorder, in the first prospective follow-up study, to the authors' knowledge. METHOD In this study, the authors obtained data with the Longitudinal Interval Follow-Up Evaluation on weekly BDD symptom status and treatment received over 1 year for(More)
The authors examined characteristics of body dysmorphic disorder in the largest sample for which a wide range of clinical features has been reported. The authors also compared psychiatrically treated and untreated subjects. Body dysmorphic disorder usually began during adolescence, involved numerous body areas and behaviors, and was characterized by poor(More)
OBJECTIVE Cross-sectional/retrospective data have indicated that individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have high rates of suicidal ideation and attempts. However, no study, to the authors' knowledge, has prospectively examined suicidality in BDD. METHOD In the first prospective study of BDD's course, the authors examined suicidality in 185(More)
Many individuals with body dysmorphic disorder seek nonpsychiatric medical and surgical treatment to improve perceived defects in their physical appearance. However, the types of treatments sought and received, as well as the treatment outcome, have received little investigation. This study describes the frequency, types, and outcomes of treatments sought(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about substance use disorders (SUDs) in individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Although studies have examined SUD comorbidity in BDD, no previous studies have examined clinical correlates of SUD comorbidity. METHOD We examined rates and clinical correlates of comorbid SUDs in 176 consecutive subjects with DSM-IV BDD(More)