Avril Mansfield18
George Mochizuki13
Kathryn M Sibley13
18Avril Mansfield
13George Mochizuki
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BACKGROUND Stroke-related sensorimotor impairment potentially contributes to impaired balance. Balance measures that reveal underlying limb-specific control problems, such as a measure of the synchronization of both lower limbs to maintain standing balance, may be uniquely informative about poststroke balance control. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to(More)
To determine the potential differences in control underlying compensatory and voluntary reach-to-grasp movements the current study compared the kinematic and electromyographic profiles associated with upper limb movement. Postural perturbations were delivered to evoke compensatory reach-to-grasp in ten healthy young adult volunteers while seated on a chair(More)
BACKGROUND Although reaction time is commonly used as an indicator of central nervous system integrity, little is currently understood about the mechanisms that determine processing time. In the current study, we are interested in determining the differences in electrophysiological events associated with significant changes in reaction time that could be(More)
"Change-in-support" (CIS) balance-recovery reactions that involve rapid stepping or reaching movements play a critical role in preventing falls; however, age-related deficits in the neuro-musculoskeletal systems may impede ability to execute these reactions effectively. This review describes four new interventions aimed at reducing fall risk in older adults(More)
This study investigated the effects of postural set on the cortical response evoked by an external perturbation to human upright stance. Postural set was manipulated by providing either predictable or unpredictable whole body perturbations which required balance corrections to maintain upright stability. Unpredictable perturbations evoked a large negative(More)
The contributions of nervous system muscle activation and muscle atrophy to poststroke weakness have not been evaluated together in the same subject. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque, voluntary activation (twitch interpolation), and electromyographic (EMG) amplitude were determined bilaterally in the plantar flexors of seven chronic stroke(More)
Postural instability evokes cortical and autonomic reactions in addition to the primary compensatory response, and it is hypothesized that these responses may be related to underlying affective influences such as tonic physiological arousal. The purpose of this study was to determine whether perturbation-evoked cortical potentials (N1 and P2) and(More)
Impaired postural control and a high incidence of falls are commonly observed following stroke. Compensatory stepping responses are critical to reactive balance control. We hypothesize that, following a stroke, individuals with unilateral limb dyscontrol will be faced with the unique challenge of controlling such rapid stepping reactions that may eventually(More)
Recent work has demonstrated that postural instability evokes an electrodermal response (EDR) that is temporally coupled to perturbation onset. The purpose of this study was to determine whether arousal linked to balance recovery is associated with the size of the perturbation (stimulus-dependent variations); and/or the challenge of executing a motor(More)
BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) appears to be useful for investigating motor recovery after stroke. Some of the potential confounders of brain activation studies, however, could be mitigated through complementary physiological monitoring. OBJECTIVE To investigate a sensorimotor fMRI battery that included simultaneous measurement of(More)