William E Mansbach

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Background/Study Context: Whereas computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation (CR) programs show promise as tools for improving cognition in certain populations, there is not a consensus regarding their efficacy. This study focuses on restorative CR, a treatment designed to improve cognitive functioning affected by progressive brain changes due to disease or(More)
Judgment is widely recognized as an important executive function, and deficits in judgment can lead to health risks, safety concerns, and hospitalizations. Surprisingly, relatively few tests of judgment have been developed specifically for older adults--a population particularly vulnerable to executive and functional declines. The Kitchen Picture Test (KPT)(More)
The Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT) is a new screening measure for cognitive dysfunction that emphasizes contextual memory and executive control functions. A total of 104 older adults referred for neuropsychological evaluation were recruited from assisted-living facilities. Psychometric analyses confirmed strong evidence for reliability, construct(More)
OBJECTIVES In US nursing homes, cognitive assessment has been an essential component of the federally mandated Minimum Data Set assessment system, inclusive of the Brief Interview for Mental Status (BIMS) for identifying possible cognitive impairment. We compare it with the Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT) to determine which instrument is more(More)
ABSTRACT Background: Cognitive impairment is underrecognized and misdiagnosed among community-dwelling older adults. At present, there is no consensus about which cognitive screening tool represents the "gold standard." However, one tool that shows promise is the Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT), which was originally validated in an assisted living(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examines mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in long-term care settings by identifying and quantifying MCI subtypes in a combined sample of nursing home and assisted-living patients. We compared impairment thresholds of 1-SD and 1.5-SD to determine if different cut-offs differentially affect occurrence rates. METHOD One hundred and eight(More)
Purpose of the Study Engagement in meaningful activities is associated with positive outcomes for persons with dementia, yet studies demonstrating quantitative evidence for which activities can be considered meaningful are lacking. We investigated MemPics™, a program designed to promote meaningful activity for individuals with dementia through engagement(More)
This article describes the development and validation of a short form of the Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT), the BCAT-SF. Frontline providers and many specialists report having little time to assess cognitive functioning, despite recognizing the utility of doing so. Many of the screening tools now available are judged to require too much time to(More)
OBJECTIVES Verbal memory assessment metrics are an essential component of cognitive screening tools. We compared the relative utilities of word list and story recall metrics in predicting cognitive functioning in nondemented and demented nursing home patients. We selected memory metrics from the Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT) and the Brief Interview(More)
BACKGROUND Depression and anxiety are common among long-term care residents, yet both appear to be under-recognized and under-treated. In our survey of 164 geriatric health care professionals from 34 U.S. states, 96% of respondents reported that a new instrument that rapidly assesses both depression and anxiety is needed. The Brief Anxiety and Depression(More)