Learn More
Pituitary tumours are a common type of intracranial neoplasm and, depending on the cell type of origin, have diverse endocrine and reproductive effects. The developmental biology of the different cell types is understood to result from a sequential activation of a cascade of transcription factors, and mutations in these factors result in various forms of(More)
Each differentiated cell type has its own epigenetic signature, which reflects its genotype, developmental history, and environmental influences, and is ultimately reflected in the phenotype of the cell and organism. Some cells undergo major epigenetic 'reprogramming' during fetal development. The proper, or improper, handling of these highly sensitive(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) (p27) plays a pivotal role in controlling cell proliferation during development and tumorigenesis. p27 has been implicated in pituitary tumorigenesis in studies of knockout mice and in analyses of human pituitary tumor samples. In this study, we further explored the role of p27 in human pituitary tumors by(More)
We recently showed loss of pRb in a proportion of pituitary tumors that was not associated with loss of heterozygosity of an RB1 intragenic marker. To further define the mechanism responsible for loss of retinoblastoma protein (pRb) expression, we have investigated the methylation status of the CpG island contained within the promoter region of the RB1(More)
BACKGROUND Increased secretion of growth hormone leads to gigantism in children and acromegaly in adults; the genetic causes of gigantism and acromegaly are poorly understood. METHODS We performed clinical and genetic studies of samples obtained from 43 patients with gigantism and then sequenced an implicated gene in samples from 248 patients with(More)
Throughout the genome CpG dinucleotides are found at one-fifth of their expected frequency and their rarity is further marked by the fact that 70% are methylated. In contrast, CpG islands (CGI), found associated with the promoters of many genes, have maintained their expected frequency of this dinucleotide, and remain unmethylated. Inappropriate methylation(More)
DNA methylation at promoter CpG islands (CGI) is an epigenetic modification associated with inappropriate gene silencing in multiple tumor types. In the absence of a human pituitary tumor cell line, small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of the maintenance methyltransferase DNA methyltransferase (cytosine 5)-1 (Dnmt1) was used in the murine pituitary(More)
The cyclin D1 (CCND1) gene contains a frequent A/G polymorphism within the splice donor region of exon 4/intron 4. CCND1 genotype is associated with clinical outcome in a number of malignancies although prognostic significance varies with tumour type. We examined CCND1 allele frequencies and genotype distribution in 294 patients with sporadic pituitary(More)
Epigenetic changes, which target DNA and associated histones, can be described as a pivotal mechanism of interaction between genes and the environment. The field of epigenomics aims to detect and interpret epigenetic modifications at the whole genome level. These approaches have the potential to increase resolution of epigenetic changes to the single base(More)
Death Associated Protein kinase (DAP kinase) a novel calmodulin-dependent serine/threonine kinase was first identified as a positive mediator of programmed cell death. Loss of DAP kinase expression was first demonstrated in highly metastatic cells, whilst re-expression of the protein resulted in delayed local tumour growth and a decreased incidence of(More)