William E. Cunningham

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PURPOSE To measure health-related quality of life among adult patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease; to compare the health-related quality of life of adults with HIV with that of the general population and with patients with other chronic conditions; and to determine the associations of demographic variables and disease severity with(More)
This study examined pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) acceptability among female sex workers, male-to-female transgendered persons and men who have sex with men in Lima, Peru. Focus groups explored social issues associated with PrEP acceptability and conjoint analysis assessed preferences among eight hypothetical PrEP scenarios with varying attribute profiles(More)
OBJECTIVES This study estimated the proportion of HIV-infected adults who have been assaulted by a partner or someone important to them since their HIV diagnosis and the extent to which they reported HIV-seropositive status as a cause of the violence. METHODS Study participants were from a nationally representative probability sample of 2864 HIV-infected(More)
OBJECTIVE To employ the behavioral model of health services use in examining the extent to which predisposing, enabling, and need factors explain the treatment of the HIV-positive population in the United States with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). DATA SOURCE A national probability sample of 2,776 adults under treatment for human(More)
The stigma of HIV-infection may profoundly affect the lives of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). However few studies have examined the association of HIV stigma with multiple components of HIV treatment and care. To estimate the association between HIV stigma and: self-reported access to care, regular source of HIV care, and antiretroviral therapy(More)
BACKGROUND The SF-36 and SF-12 summary scores were derived using an uncorrelated (orthogonal) factor solution. We estimate SF-36 and SF-12 summary scores using a correlated (oblique) physical and mental health factor model. METHODS We administered the SF-36 to 7,093 patients who received medical care from an independent association of 48 physician groups(More)
Using data from a multisite venue-based survey of male subjects aged 15 to 22 years, we examined racial/ethnic differences in demographics, partner type, partner type-specific condom use, drug use, and HIV prevalence in 3316 US black, multiethnic black, Latino, and white men who have sex with men (MSM). We further estimated associations of these factors(More)
There is a need for a psychometrically sound measure of the stigma experienced by diverse persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). The goal of this study was to develop and evaluate a multidimentional measure of internalized HIV stigma that captures stigma related to treatment and other aspects of the disease among sociodemographically diverse PLHA. We(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined differences in HIV seroprevalence and the likely timing of HIV infection by birth region. METHODS We analyzed unlinked HIV antibody data on 61 120 specimens from 7 public health centers in Los Angeles County from 1993 to 1999. RESULTS Most (87%) immigrant clients were Central American/Mexican-born. HIV prevalence was similar for(More)
Little is known about the effectiveness of outreach interventions to engage and retain underserved populations living with HIV in stable, primary medical care. This study provided an opportunity to adapt a patient navigation model first developed for cancer care to assess its effectiveness with HIV-infected disadvantaged populations. Four grantees from the(More)