William E. Bentley

Learn More
Quorum sensing (QS) is an important determinant of bacterial phenotype. Many cell functions are regulated by intricate and multimodal QS signal transduction processes. The LuxS/AI-2 QS system is highly conserved among Eubacteria and AI-2 is reported as a 'universal' signal molecule. To understand the hierarchical organization of AI-2 circuitry, a(More)
We report a biofunctionalization strategy for the assembly of catalytically active enzymes within a completely packaged bioMEMS device, through the programmed generation of electrical signals at spatially and temporally defined sites. The enzyme of a bacterial metabolic pathway, S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase (Pfs), is genetically fused with a(More)
Lab-on-a-chip (LOC) devices for electrochemical analysis of DNA hybridization events offer a technology for real-time and label-free assessment of biomarkers at the point-of-care. Here, we present a microfluidic LOC, with 3 × 3 arrayed electrochemical sensors for the analysis of DNA hybridization events. A new dual layer microfluidic valved manipulation(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a pathogen infecting those with cystic fibrosis, encounters toxicity from phagocyte-derived reactive oxidants including hydrogen peroxide during active infection. P. aeruginosa responds with adaptive and protective strategies against these toxic species to effectively infect humans. Despite advances in our understanding of(More)
Staphylococcus aureus responds with protective strategies against phagocyte-derived reactive oxidants to infect humans. Herein, we report the transcriptome analysis of the cellular response of S. aureus to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress. The data indicate that the oxidative response includes the induction of genes involved in virulence, DNA(More)
The traditional motivation for integrating biological components into microfabricated devices has been to create biosensors that meld the molecular recognition capabilities of biology with the signal processing capabilities of electronic devices. However, a different motivation is emerging; biological components are being explored to radically change how(More)
We examined the assembly of the amine-rich polysaccharide chitosan from solution onto electrode surfaces as a result of voltage bias on the electrode. Chitosan is positively charged and water soluble under mildly acidic conditions and is uncharged and insoluble under basic conditions. We observed that chitosan is deposited from acidic solution onto the(More)
Hydrogels are increasingly considered for creating three-dimensional structures in miniaturized devices, yet few techniques exist for creating such hydrogel structures. We report a new approach for creating hydrogels using the amine-containing polysaccharide chitosan. Specifically, electrodes are immersed into a slightly acidic chitosan solution and a(More)
The patterning of nanoparticles represents a significant obstacle in the assembly of nanoscale materials and devices. In this report, cysteine residues were genetically engineered onto the virion surface of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), providing attachment sites for fluorescent markers. To pattern these viruses, labeled virions were partially disassembled to(More)
We report a new approach for microfluidic optical bioanalysis that is based on the electrically driven assembly of bio-components on a transparent sidewall and the optical detection of the assembled components using planar waveguides. This allows localized electrical signals for bio-assembly and optical signals for bio-detection that can easily be applied(More)