William E Antholine

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Recent evidence suggests that the prion protein (PrP) is a copper binding protein. The N-terminal region of human PrP contains four sequential copies of the highly conserved octarepeat sequence PHGGGWGQ spanning residues 60-91. This region selectively binds Cu2+ in vivo. In a previous study using peptide design, EPR, and CD spectroscopy, we showed that the(More)
Off-patent drugs with previously unrecognized anticancer activity could be rapidly repurposed for this new indication. To identify such compounds, we conducted 2 independent cell-based chemical screens and identified the antimicrobial ciclopirox olamine (CPX) in both screens. CPX decreased cell growth and viability of malignant leukemia, myeloma, and solid(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the neuroprotective effects of a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant, Mito-Q(10), the coenzyme-Q analog attached to a triphenylphosphonium cation that targets the antioxidant to mitochondria, in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Primary mesencephalic neuronal cells and cultured dopaminergic cells were(More)
Ranolazine, an anti-anginal drug, is a late Na(+) channel current blocker that is also believed to attenuate fatty acid oxidation and mitochondrial respiratory complex I activity, especially during ischemia. In this study, we investigated if ranolazine's protective effect against cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury is mediated at the mitochondrial(More)
We have shown that transferrin-gallium (Tf-Ga) blocks DNA synthesis through inhibition of cellular iron incorporation and a diminution in the activity of the iron-dependent M2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase. To examine the mechanisms of drug resistance to gallium, we developed a subline of HL60 cells (R cells) which is 29-fold more resistant to growth(More)
Characteristics of the reaction of bleomycin-A2 (BLM) and several of its metal complexes with Ehrlich cells in culture are described. Short incubation of BLM and Fe(III)-, Cu-, Zn-, and CdBLM with Ehrlich cells effectively inhibits cell proliferation. There is a sharp break at 30 min in the dependence of cytotoxicity upon time of exposure of cells to these(More)
Iron-sulfur cluster-dependent interconversion of iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) between its RNA binding and cytosolic aconitase (c-acon) forms controls vertebrate iron homeostasis. Cluster removal from c-acon is thought to include oxidative demetallation as a required step, but little else is understood about the process of conversion to IRP1. In(More)
The selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase 1 (TrxR1) has several key roles in cellular redox systems and reductive pathways. Here we discovered that an evolutionarily conserved and surface-exposed tryptophan residue of the enzyme (Trp114) is excessively reactive to oxidation and exerts regulatory functions. The results indicate that it serves as an electron(More)
The relatively few iron and copper metal complexes which have been examined in cells and tissues for their redox properties, radical generation properties, and antitumor activity are discussed for studies which utilized electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR). A common property of a number of metal complexes, which include bleomycin, adriamycin, and(More)
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