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Improvements in purification of membrane-associated methane monooxygenase (pMMO) have resulted in preparations of pMMO with activities more representative of physiological rates: i.e., >130 nmol.min(-1).mg of protein(-1). Altered culture and assay conditions, optimization of the detergent/protein ratio, and simplification of the purification procedure were(More)
Iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) is regulated through the assembly/disassembly of a [4Fe-4S] cluster, which interconverts IRP1 with cytosolic aconitase. A genetic screen to isolate Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains bearing mutations in genes required for the conversion of IRP1 to c-aconitase led to the identification of a previously uncharacterized,(More)
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds (e.g. chromates) are strong oxidants that readily enter cells where they are reduced to reactive Cr intermediates that can directly oxidize some cell components and can promote the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Inhalation is a major route of exposure which directly exposes the bronchial(More)
Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 can reduce a diverse array of compounds under anaerobic conditions, including manganese and iron oxides, fumarate, nitrate, and many other compounds. These reductive processes are apparently linked to a complex electron transport system. Chromium (Cr) is a toxic and mutagenic metal and bacteria could potentially be utilized to(More)
Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds (e.g., chromates) are strong oxidants that readily enter cells, where they are reduced to reactive Cr species that also facilitate reactive oxygen species generation. Recent studies demonstrated inhibition and oxidation of the thioredoxin system, with greater effects on mitochondrial thioredoxin (Trx2). This implies(More)
The multicopper oxidases contain at least four copper atoms and catalyze the four-electron reduction of O(2) to H(2)O at a trinuclear copper cluster. An intermediate, termed native intermediate, has been trapped by a rapid freeze-quench technique from Rhus vernicifera laccase when the fully reduced form reacts with dioxygen. This intermediate had been(More)
The interaction between carbon monoxide and the CO dehydrogenase from Clostridium thermoaceticum was studied by electron spin resonance (ESR) techniques. When the enzyme reacts with CO, a paramagnetic complex is formed which previously was shown, by isotope substitution, to be due to a nickel-carbon species. In this paper, we demonstrate that iron is also a(More)
S-Nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), a physiologically relevant nitric oxide ((*)NO) donor, exhibits antioxidant, anti-ischemic, and antiplatelet properties. The exact mechanism of (*)NO release from GSNO in biological systems has not been determined. Both copper ions and copper-containing enzymes have been shown to catalyze (*)NO release from GSNO. In this study(More)
Copper thiosemicarbazones cause considerable oxidative stress. This effect may be related to their cytotoxicity. In the present work, the chemical and cellular properties of a new ligand, pyridoxal thiosemicarbazone (H2T), and its copper(II) chelate (CuT) are assessed. CuT is toxic to cultured Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, producing nearly complete cell kill(More)