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Three members of the Rho family, Cdc42, Rac, and Rho are known to regulate the organization of actin-based cytoskeletal structures. In Bac1.2F5 macrophages, we have shown that Rho regulates cell contraction, whereas Rac and Cdc42 regulate the formation of lamellipodia and filopodia, respectively. We have now tested the roles of Cdc42, Rac, and Rho in colony(More)
A rapid single-step procedure for isolation of equine neutrophils (PMNS) from peripheral blood is described. A discontinuous gradient of two Percoll solutions (densities of 1.087 kg litre-1 and 1.108 kg litre-1 was used. The PMNS were isolated to more than 95 per cent purity with a viability of more than 99 per cent and a cell recovery of more than 83 per(More)
Osteogenesis and angiogenesis are inter-linked and tightly regulated processes involved in growth, repair, and bone remodeling. Bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), pleiotrophin (PTN) and thrombin-related peptide, TP508 have all been found to have the ability to promote bone fracture healing by enhancing both the(More)
Constitutive heterochromatin is traditionally viewed as the static form of heterochromatin that silences pericentromeric and telomeric repeats in a cell cycle- and differentiation-independent manner. Here, we show that, in the mouse olfactory epithelium, olfactory receptor (OR) genes are marked in a highly dynamic fashion with the molecular hallmarks of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of elevated D-glucose concentrations on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) expression of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)beta receptor and VSMC migratory behavior. Immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescent staining, and RT-PCR of human VSMCs showed that elevated D-glucose induced an increase in the(More)
The modified DNA base 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is enriched in neurons where it may contribute to gene regulation and cellular identity. To determine how 5hmC influences gene expression in an in vivo neuronal population, we assessed the patterning and function of the base along the developmental lineage of the main olfactory epithelium-from multipotent(More)
Atheroma formation involves the movement of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) into the subendothelial space. The aim of this study was to determine the involvement of PI3K and MAPK pathways and the importance of cross-talk between these pathways, in glucose-potentiated VSMC chemotaxis to serum factors. VSMC chemotaxis occurred in a serum gradient in 25(More)
Class IA phosphoinositide 3'-kinases (PI3Ks) regulate many cellular processes downstream of tyrosine kinases and Ras. Despite a clear implication of PI3K in cancer, little is known about the distribution of the different PI3K isoforms in malignant cells. We screened a large panel of tissues and cell lines for expression of class IA PI3Ks, and document a(More)
The molecular mechanisms regulating olfactory receptor (OR) expression in the mammalian nose are not yet understood. Here, we identify the transient expression of histone demethylase LSD1 and the OR-dependent expression of adenylyl cyclase 3 (Adcy3) as requirements for initiation and stabilization of OR expression. As a transcriptional coactivator, LSD1 is(More)