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Micturition in cats and rats with an intact neuraxis is dependent upon a spinobulbospinal reflex activated by A delta bladder afferents. This report describes changes in micturition reflexes 2 h to 14 weeks following spinal cord transection at the lower thoracic level. In acute spinal cats micturition reflexes were blocked, however, several weeks after(More)
To gain insight into the effect of innervation on neurotrophin production, NGF levels in the urinary bladder were measured following unilateral ganglionectomy (bladder denervation) or separation of the post-ganglionic bladder neurons from the central nervous system of the adult rat (bladder and ganglion decentralization). These interruptions of the neural(More)
BACKGROUND Many surgical procedures are available for women with urinary stress incontinence, yet few randomized clinical trials have been conducted to provide a basis for treatment recommendations. METHODS We performed a multicenter, randomized clinical trial comparing two procedures--the pubovaginal sling, using autologous rectus fascia, and the Burch(More)
A total of 93 patients with intractable spasticity due to either spinal cord injury (59 cases), multiple sclerosis (31 cases), or other spinal pathology (three cases) were entered into a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled screening protocol of intrathecal baclofen test injections. Of the 88 patients who responded to an intrathecal bolus of 50, 75,(More)
The prostate gland depends on androgen stimulation for its development and growth. However, testosterone is not the major androgen responsible for growth of the prostate. Testosterone is converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by the enzyme Delta(4), 3 ketosteroid, 5alpha-reductase in prostatic stromal and basal cells. DHT is primarily responsible for(More)
Electrophysiological techniques were used to examine the organization of the spinobulbospinal micturition reflex pathway in the rat. Electrical stimulation of afferent axons in the pelvic nerve evoked a long latency (136 +/- 41 ms) response on bladder postganglionic nerves, whereas stimulation in the dorsal pontine tegmentum elicited shorter latency firing(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability and safety of darifenacin, a muscarinic M3 selective receptor antagonist (M3 SRA), from an analysis of pooled data from three phase III, multicentre, double-blind clinical trials in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). PATIENTS AND METHODS After a 4-week washout/run-in period, 1059 adults (85% women)(More)
Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a chronic condition characterised by urgency, with or without associated urge incontinence. Solifenacin succinate is a once daily, bladder selective antimuscarinic available in two doses (5 and 10 mg). The recommended dose is 5 mg once daily and can be increased to 10 mg once daily if 5 mg is well tolerated. This article(More)
The influence of noradrenergic mechanisms involved in micturition in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats was investigated using continuous cystometry in in vivo and in vitro studies on isolated bladder and urethral tissues. Compared with WKY rats, SHR had a significantly lower bladder capacity (SHR: 0.7 +/- 0. 05 ml; WKY rats:(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability and safety of a flexible-dosing strategy with darifenacin, an M(3)-selective receptor antagonist, in patients with symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). PATIENTS AND METHODS In this multicentre double-blind 12-week study, 395 patients (aged 22-89 years; 84% female) with OAB symptoms for >6 months were(More)