William Dick

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UNLABELLED Ketamine and midazolam, applied as intravenous medication for conscious sedation in day-case maxillo-facial surgery, has been proven to be superior to pentazocine and midazolam concerning cardiovascular parameters and respiratory depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose ketamine/midazolam on anxiety, analgesia,(More)
The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IFAD concerning the legal status of any(More)
Although histamine release is recognised as a common event during anaesthesia and surgery, few clinicians judge the resultant cardiorespiratory disturbances serious enough to warrant prophylaxis with antihistamines. We have assessed the incidence and importance of histamine release in a randomised 2 x 2 factorial study. 240 patients representing a routine(More)
As induction agents for cardioanesthesia, sufentanil (S) and fentanyl (F) are usually employed in combination with nondepolarizing muscle relaxants. We investigated potential interactions of these opioids with the relaxant component, paying special regard to the role of muscular rigidity and opioid-induced alterations of hemodynamics. Narcotic anesthesia(More)
The opioid agonists morphine (selective for mu-receptors) and ethylketocyclazocine (selective for kappa-receptors), at concentrations evoking strong effects in neuronal structures, did not significantly affect the configuration of the intracellularly recorded action potential and the force of contraction in ventricular heart muscle isolated from guinea(More)
In a controlled prospective double-blind-study we were able to show that the analgesic duration of epidurally applied morphine is more than four fold longer lasting than intravenous morphine. We found similar pharmacokinetics in both groups, suggesting a rapid absorption of epidurally applied morphine into the vascular system. The identical pharmacokinetics(More)