William Dees

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Fractionation of hypothalamic extracts on a Sephadex G-25 column separates follicle-stimulating hormone-releasing factor (FSHRF) from luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH). The FSH-releasing peak contained immunoreactive lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone (lGnRH) by radioimmunoassay, and its activity was inactivated by an antiserum specific to(More)
We studied the effect of intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (30-250 micrograms) on the release of several anterior pituitary hormones as indicated by changes in their concentrations in plasma. Within 30 min after intravenous injection of LPS there was a dose-related stimulation of ACTH release; prolactin (PRL) release was induced only by the(More)
In both rats and primates, including humans, serum levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) increase during the onset of puberty, suggesting a role for IGF-I in this process. We examined the ability of IGF-I to affect the release of hypothalamic luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) in prepubertal female rats. Our results indicate that IGF-I(More)
The ovary of humans and nonhuman primates is innervated by sympathetic and sensory neurons of the peripheral nervous system. Recent studies demonstrated that the density of the sympathetic innervation to the rhesus monkey ovary is developmentally regulated, with adult density being attained around the time of puberty. In the present study, we used an(More)
Conscious mature and immature rats were administered either saline or an ethanol (ETOH)-saline solution via a permanent intragastric cannula, and plasma growth hormone (GH) levels were measured by radioimmunoassay of external jugular blood samples drawn every 10 min through an indwelling Silastic catheter. Control injections of saline into the gastric(More)
These studies were designed to determine the effects of castration and ethanol (ETOH) on the relative content of substance P (SP) immunoreactivity in the hypothalamus and the central and medial amygdaloid nuclei (CM-AM). Differences visualized immunocytochemically between saline-treated intact and castrated rats indicated that a visible decrease in the(More)
Hypothalamic neurons control a variety of important hormonal and behavioral functions. Little is known, however, about the neurotrophic factors that these neurons may require for survival and/or maintenance of their differentiated functions. We conducted experiments to examine this issue, utilizing a combination of immunohistochemical, in situ hybridization(More)
Although the synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) in brain regions innervated by magnocellular cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain is well documented, the cell type(s) able to produce NGF in the central nervous system (CNS) remain only partially characterized. Moreover, little is known regarding the ability of brain areas not innervated by(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is emerging as a signal of peripheral origin capable of acting centrally to induce luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion and accelerate the initiation of female puberty. Since we have shown previously that ethanol (ETOH) can suppress prepubertal LH release and delay female puberty, we hypothesized that these detrimental(More)
We have used immunofluorescence to study the postnatal development of the sympathetic and sensory innervation to the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) ovary. Sympathetic nerves were identified as adrenergic by their content of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-like immunoreactivity and as peptidergic by the presence of neuropeptide Y (NPY). Fibers containing substance(More)