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A complex combination of adult health-related disorders can originate from developmental events that occur in utero. The periconceptional period may also be programmable. We report on the effects of restricting the supply of specific B vitamins (i.e., B(12) and folate) and methionine, within normal physiological ranges, from the periconceptional diet of(More)
Gastroparesis is a relatively uncommon but clinically troublesome disorder that develops in some patients with diabetes mellitus or after gastric operations. Its pathogenesis remains obscure. We used a manometric technique to record pressure changes in fasting patients in the gastric fundus, distal stomach, and adjacent small bowel of patients with severe(More)
Animal studies show that the balance of methionine relative to other amino acids in the maternal diet is critical, as fetal growth is not only retarded by diets that are deficient but also by those containing excess. Diets with an inappropriate balance of methionine can adversely affect both short-term reproductive function and the long-term physiology of(More)
The importance of folic acid and the methionine cycle in fetal development is well recognised even though the mechanism has not been established. Since the cycle is active in the maternal liver, poor folate status may modify hepatic metabolism. Pregnant rats were fed diets deficient in folic acid (-F) or in three key methyl donors, folic acid, choline and(More)
Methyl deficiencies have been implicated in metabolic programming during the periods of oocyte and embryo development. Semisynthetic methyl-deficient diets (MD) with no folic acid, 0.05% choline, and approximately one-half the recommended content of methionine were fed to female rats for 3 wk prior to mating and for the first 5 d of gestation. During the(More)
CHOP-10 (also known as gadd153 or Ddit3) is one of the genes overexpressed by mammalian cells exposed to cytotoxic agents or to nutrient stress. The response of this gene to stress was studied in the mouse blastocyst and in F9 embryonal carcinoma cells. When mouse blastocysts were exposed to the alkylating agent MMS, the metabolic inhibitor sodium arsenite(More)
Isolated rat adipocytes were incubated with 15 nM [3-3H]glucose or 100 nM [U-14C]glucose with or without insulin and in the absence or presence of unlabelled glucose. Following a 2 h incubation with 15 nM [3-3H]glucose, about two thirds of the cell-associated 3H-labelled metabolic products were hydrophilic largely anionic intermediates and about one third(More)
The human erythrocyte sugar transporter has been labelled at its internal site with cytochalasin B and at its outside site by the azidosalicoyl derivative of bis(D-mannose) (ASA-BMPA). The cleavage of the transporter by various proteinases has been studied. Chymotrypsin, subtilisin and V8 proteinase give parallel fragmentation patterns for the two labels(More)
Maternal protein deficiency during pregnancy is associated with changes in glucose tolerance and hypertension in the offspring of rats. In this study the growth of rat fetuses was examined when the dams were fed diets containing 18% casein, 9% casein or 8% casein supplemented with threonine. The extra threonine was added to reverse the decrease in(More)