William David Nes

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The side chain in plant sterols can have either a methyl or ethyl addition at carbon 24 that is absent in cholesterol. The ethyl addition is the product of two sequential methyl additions. Arabidopsis contains three genes-sterol methyltransferase 1 (SMT1), SMT2, and SMT3-homologous to yeast ERG6, which is known to encode an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent(More)
The stereochemistry of several sterol precursors and end products synthesized by two fungal-like micro-organisms Prototheca wickerhamii (I) and Dictyostelium discoideum (II) have been determined by chromatographic (TLC, GLC, and HPLC) and spectral (UV, MS, and 1H NMR) methods. From I and II the following sterols were isolated from the cells: cycloartenol,(More)
Sterol methyltransferase (SMT) plays a key role in sterol biosynthesis in different pathogenic organisms by setting the pattern of the side chain structure of the final product. This catalyst, absent in humans, provides critical pathway-specific enzymatic steps in the production of ergosterol in fungi or phytosterols in plants. The new SMT gene was isolated(More)
The membrane-bound sterol methyl transferase (SMT) enzyme from Prototheca wickerhamii, a non-photosynthetic, yeast-like alga, was found to C-methylate appropriate delta24(25)-sterol acceptor molecules to delta25(27)-24beta-methyl products stereoselectively. Incubation with pairs of substrates--[2H3-methyl]AdoMet and cycloartenol, and AdoMet and(More)
The ERG6 gene that encodes (S)-adenosyl-L-methionine: delta 24(25)-to delta 24(28)-sterol methyl transferase (SMT) enzyme from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was introduced into plasmid pET23a(+) and the resulting native protein was overexpressed in BL21 (DE3) host cells under control of a T7 promoter. This enzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity by ammonium(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus sterol 14-α demethylase (CYP51) isoenzymes A (AF51A) and B (AF51B) were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. The dithionite-reduced CO-P450 complex for AF51A was unstable, rapidly denaturing to inactive P420, in marked contrast to AF51B, where the CO-P450 complex was stable. Type I substrate binding spectra were obtained with(More)
  • W D Nes
  • Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • 2000
Sterol C-methylations catalyzed by the (S)-adenosyl-L-methionine: Delta(24)-sterol methyl transferase (SMT) have provided the focus for study of electrophilic alkylations, a reaction type of functional importance in C-C bond formation of natural products. SMTs occur generally in nature, but do not occur in animal systems, suggesting that the difference in(More)
The mechanism of action and active site of the enzyme (S)-adenosyl-L-methionine:delta 24(25)-sterol methyl transferase (SMT) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain GL7 have been probed with AdoMet, (S)-adenosyl-L-homocysteine, a series of 35 sterol substrates as acceptor molecules and a series of 10 substrate and high energy intermediate (HEI) sterol(More)
4.5. C24-Alkylation Reduction Bifurcation in Phytosterol Synthesis 6433 5. Sterol Enzyme Action 6434 5.1. C24 Methylation 6434 5.2. C24-Reduction 6438 5.3. Removal of Nuclear Methyl Groups at C4 6439 5.4. Removal of Nuclear Methyl Group at C14 6441 5.5. Shift of Δ to Δ-Position 6442 5.6. 9β,19-Cyclopropane Ring Opening 6444 5.7. C22 Desaturation 6444 6.(More)
Microsomes from sunflower seedlings were used to investigate the transition state coordinate for the C-24 methylation reaction that mediates phytosterol biosynthesis. They were then used to study structurally related cationic and uncharged compounds of the natural sterol substrate, which were designed to interfere with the reaction progress. The(More)