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We have identified at least 2 highly promiscuous major histocompatibility complex class II T-cell epitopes in the Fc fragment of IgG that are capable of specifically activating CD4(+)CD25(Hi)FoxP3(+) natural regulatory T cells (nT(Regs)). Coincubation of these regulatory T-cell epitopes or "Tregitopes" and antigens with peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
HLA class II-restricted regulatory T cell (Treg) epitopes in IgG (also called "Tregitopes") have been reported to suppress immune responses to coadministered antigens by stimulating the expansion of natural Tregs (nTregs). Here we evaluate their impact on human immune responses to islet cell antigens ex vivo and on the modulation of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in(More)
The design of epitope-driven vaccines that address the global variability of HIV has been significantly hampered by concerns about conservation of the vaccine epitopes across clades of HIV. We developed two computer-driven methods for improving epitope-driven HIV vaccines: the Epi-Assembler, which derives representative or "immunogenic consensus sequence"(More)
Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a common autosomal dominant disorder caused by loss or malfunction of hamartin (tsc1) or tuberin (tsc2). Many lesions in TS do not demonstrate loss of heterozygosity for these genes, implying that dominant negative forms of these genes may account for some hamartomas and neoplasms in TS. To test this hypothesis, we expressed a(More)
One of the great surprises of the biologics revolution has been the discovery that recombinant human proteins, including monoclonals of human origin, can cause immune responses when administered to immune-competent subjects. Preclinical and clinical evaluations of the potential immunogenicity of biologics have been primarily focused on humoral immune(More)
Advances in the field of T cell immunology have contributed to the understanding that cross-reactivity is an intrinsic characteristic of the T cell receptor (TCR), and that each TCR can potentially interact with many different T cell epitopes. To better define the potential for TCR cross-reactivity between epitopes derived from the human genome, the human(More)
Developing a vaccine that will stimulate broad HIV-specific T cell responses is difficult because of the variability in HIV T cell epitope sequences, which is in turn due to the high mutation rate and consequent strain diversity of HIV-1. We used a new Class II version of the EpiMatrix T cell epitope-mapping tool and Conservatrix to select highly conserved(More)
Babies born with Pompe disease require life-long treatment with enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT). Despite the human origin of the therapy, recombinant human lysosomal acid α glucosidase (GAA, rhGAA), ERT unfortunately leads to the development of high titers of anti-rhGAA antibody, decreased effectiveness of ERT, and a fatal outcome for a significant number(More)
Immune responses to some monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and biologic proteins interfere with their efficacy due to the development of anti-drug antibodies (ADA). In the case of mAbs, most ADA target 'foreign' sequences present in the complementarity determining regions (CDRs). Humanization of the mAb sequence is one approach that has been used to render(More)
Helicobacter pylori is the leading cause of gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma and lymphoma in humans. Due to the decreasing efficacy of anti-H. pylori antibiotic therapy in clinical practice, there is renewed interest in the development of anti-H. pylori vaccines. In this study an in silico-based approach was utilized to develop a(More)