William D Graf

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We looked for the A-->G transition at position 8344 of mtDNA in 150 patients, most of them with diagnosed or suspected mitochondrial disease, to assess the specificity of this mutation for the MERRF phenotype, to define the clinical spectrum associated with the mutation, and to study the relationship between percentage of mutation in muscle and clinical(More)
We report a family with a heterogeneous group of neurologic disorders associated with the mitochondrial DNA G8363A transfer ribonucleic acid (RNA)Lys mutation. The phenotype of one child in the family was consistent with autism. During his second year of life, he lost previously acquired language skills and developed marked hyperactivity with toe-walking,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate catecholamine phenotypes and the effects of a tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor in individuals with the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome and low-activity catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). BACKGROUND Many persons with the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome suffer severe disability from a characteristic ultrarapid-cycling bipolar disorder and(More)
Spastic paraplegia is not widely recognized to occur in dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD). The authors found a compound heterozygote for novel mutations of the human tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene (TH). The patient was initially diagnosed as having spastic paraplegia, but responded completely to levodopa therapy. Exercise-induced stiffness in the patient's(More)
We report 4 interstitial inverted duplications with associated terminal deletions (inv dup del) involving the short arms of chromosomes 5 and 8, and the long arm of chromosome 13 by microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) combined with chromosome banding (GTG banding) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses. Formation of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To further describe the features, postulated pathophysiology, treatment, and outcome of seizures occurring while playing or watching video games (video game-related seizures (VGRS)). DESIGN We evaluated retrospectively 10 patients with VGRS seen by us and reviewed 25 reported cases. RESULTS The 35 patients ranged in age from 1 to 36 years(More)
Specific oxidative metabolites of valproic acid (VPA) have been associated with the clinically defined toxicity of the drug. To investigate the role of enzymatic detoxification in clinical toxicity, we compared activities of five antioxidant enzymes in 15 patients with a serious adverse experience (SAE) related to VPA therapy, to enzyme activities measured(More)
We identified a novel homozygous 15q13.3 microdeletion in a young boy with a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe visual impairment, hypotonia, profound intellectual disability, and refractory epilepsy. The homozygous deletion of the genes within this deleted region provides a useful insight into the pathogenesis of the observed(More)
Recent innovations in medical technology have changed newborn screening programs in the United States. The widespread use of tandem mass spectrometry is helping to identify more inborn errors of metabolism. Primary care physicians often are the first to be contacted by state and reference laboratories when neonatal screening detects the possibility of an(More)
BACKGROUND A general predisposition for vincristine-related neuropathy has been observed in persons with a family history of hereditary neuropathies. METHODS In a retrospective case series, we investigated the possible association between the DNA rearrangement found in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 1A (CMT1A) and susceptibility to the(More)