William D Barber

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1. Whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings in an in vitro brainstem-cranial nerve explant preparation were used to assess the local circuitry activated by vagal input to nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurones in immature rats. 2. All neurones that responded to vagal stimulation displayed EPSCs of relatively constant latency. Approximately 50 % of these also(More)
A growing literature documents the relationship between tongue strength and oral phase swallowing function. Objective measures of strength have been recommended as more valid and reliable than subjective measures for the assessment of tongue function, yet subjective measures remain the more commonly used clinical method for assessing tongue strength. This(More)
PURPOSE To develop a superconducting magnetic resonance (MR) imager that provides direct access to the patient and permits interactive MR-guided interventional procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS A 0.5-T superconducting magnet that allows a region of vertical access to the patient was designed and constructed. This magnet was integrated with newly designed(More)
An in vitro neonatal rat preparation, consisting of the isolated caudal brainstem and stomach joined by the intact vagi, was developed using Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were 0 to 4 days of age. This preparation provided an opportunity to investigate the extracellular and intracellular responses of neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) of the(More)
To explore the physiological characteristics of central projections of gastric afferent fibers, single-unit activity was recorded extracellularly from neurons in the brain stem during phasic distension of the stomach in cats anesthetized by halothane and nitrous oxide. The brain stem units were identified on the basis of discharge patterns that were phase(More)
Unitary responses were recorded extracellularly in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) in anesthetized cats during electrical stimulation of the 1) gastric branches of the ventral and dorsal vagal trunks which serve the proximal stomach, and 2) left greater splanchnic nerve. The gastric vagally evoked parabrachial responses consisted of phasic single and(More)
Brainstem unitary responses to gastric vagal-splanchnic nerve interactions were evaluated in anesthetized cats during electrical stimulation of the nerves. The gastric branches of the dorsal and ventral vagal trunks which serve the proximal stomach were electrically stimulated while recording in nucleus solitarius in the brainstem to identify evoked unitary(More)
Gastric vagally evoked extracellular unitary responses were recorded in the hypothalamus of anesthetized cats. The evoked unitary responses were localized in the paraventricular dorsomedial region, ventromedial nucleus, and lateral hypothalamus. The mean latency of the gastric vagally evoked hypothalamic neuronal responses in these three areas ranged from(More)
Extracellularly recorded unitary responses in the lateral hypothalamus were evaluated in anesthetized cats during electrical stimulation of the gastric branches of the ventral and dorsal vagal trunks, the T9 intercostal nerve, and the common peroneal nerve (L6-S2). These nerves were stimulated with single or paired (10-ms interval) pulses of 300-500 microA(More)
The gastric motor or mechanical effects of a group of peptides, the tachykinins, were evaluated in anesthetized cats to determine the relationship between local motor events and brain stem neurons that regulate gastric activity. The peptides evaluated were substance P, physalaemin, and eledoisin. The tachykinin-induced gastric changes were dose related and(More)