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Many current health status instruments either are too long to use in many acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) clinical trials or omit important concepts. In this study, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-relevant items developed for the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) from subscales for cognitive function, energy/fatigue, health distress, and a single(More)
The Quality of Well-being (QWB) Scale combines preference-weighted measures of symptoms and functioning to provide a numerical point in-time expression of well-being that ranges from zero (0) for death to 1.0 for asymptomatic optimum functioning. The QWB includes three scales of function: mobility, physical activity, and social activity. Each step of these(More)
BACKGROUND National data from the mid-1990s demonstrated that many eligible patients did not receive highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and that racial and gender disparities existed in HAART receipt. We examined whether demographic disparities in the use of HAART persist in 2001 and if outpatient care is associated with HAART utilization. (More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to better understand substance use behaviors and deleterious health consequences among individuals with HIV. METHODS We examined a multicenter cohort of HIV-infected patients (n = 3,413) receiving care in 4 US cities (Seattle, Birmingham, San Diego, Boston) between December 2005 and April 2010 in the Centers for(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were (1) to estimate the prevalence, bothersomeness, and variation of HIV-related symptoms in a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected adults receiving medical care and (2) to evaluate new aggregate measures of symptom frequency and bothersomeness. METHODS Beginning in January 1996, 76% of a multistage(More)
We measured quality of life using the Karnofsky Performance Status and Quality of Well-Being scale (QWB) for 31 patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex in a placebo-controlled trial of zidovudine. Sixteen patients were randomized to zidovudine and 15 to placebo. We recorded nine scores for each patient during 1 year. During the blinded trial, 3 patients(More)
To determine the effect of zidovudine on functional status and well-being in patients with early symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, 70 subjects in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial (ACTG Protocol 016) were observed for 1 year using a brief quality-of-life questionnaire. Thirty-four subjects were assigned to placebo and 36(More)
BACKGROUND Elite controllers spontaneously suppress human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viremia but also demonstrate chronic inflammation that may increase risk of comorbid conditions. We compared hospitalization rates and causes among elite controllers to those of immunologically intact persons with medically controlled HIV. METHODS For adults in care at(More)
We prospectively studied 132 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to determine the cross-sectional prevalence of cytomegalovirus retinitis. All patients had serum CD4+ lymphocyte counts to determine the degree of immune dysfunction. Correlations between CD4+ counts, the presence of cytomegalovirus retinitis or human immunodeficiency virus(More)
OBJECTIVES Outbreaks of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) have been noted in multiple sites in the United States. This study's purpose was to estimate trends in the incidence of and risk factors for clinically significant MRSA (CS-MRSA) infection in a cohort of HIV-infected adults. DESIGN A retrospective clinic-based(More)