William Carpenter

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New advances in the understanding of schizophrenia etiology, course, and treatment have increased interest on the part of patients, families, advocates, and professionals in the development of consensus-defined standards for clinical status and improvement, including illness remission and recovery. As demonstrated in the area of mood disorders, such(More)
There is growing interest in deficit symptoms in studies of the course and treatment response of schizophrenia. However, existing clinical assessment instruments focus primarily on productive symptoms. The authors describe the Quality of Life Scale (QLS), a 21-item scale based on a semistructured interview designed to assess deficit symptoms and thereby(More)
The Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome (SDS) is an instrument for categorizing schizophrenic patients into those with and those without the deficit syndrome. In a study of 40 schizophrenic patients diagnosed by DSM-III criteria, raters using the SDS demonstrated good interrater reliability for this categorization, as well as for individual negative symptoms(More)
This paper reviews the most frequently used and misused reliability measures appearing in the mental health literature. We illustrate the various types of data sets on which reliability is assessed (i.e., two raters, more than two raters, and varying numbers of raters with dichotomous, polychotomous, and quantitative data). Reliability statistics(More)
Brian Kirkpatrick, Wayne S. Fenton, William T. Carpenter, Jr., and Stephen R. Marder Department of Psychiatry and Health Behavior, Medical College of Georgia; Division of Adult Translational Research and Development, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services;(More)
Social cognition has become a high priority area for the study of schizophrenia. However, despite developments in this area, progress remains limited by inconsistent terminology and differences in the way social cognition is measured. To address these obstacles, a consensus-building meeting on social cognition in schizophrenia was held at the National(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with schizophrenia frequently present with negative symptoms and cognitive impairments for which no effective treatments are known. Agents that act at the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) glutamatergic receptor have been suggested as promising treatments for moderate to severe negative symptoms and cognitive(More)
The authors provide a rationale for distinguishing the primary, enduring negative symptoms of schizophrenia (termed "deficit symptoms") from the more transient negative symptoms secondary to other factors. They argue that the former are more likely to provide a basis for meaningful subtyping of the schizophrenic syndrome, while the latter are more likely to(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have suggested the involvement of the frontal and parietal cortices and thalamus in a neural circuit underlying the production of primary enduring negative or deficit symptoms of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to examine whether structural changes in the proposed circuit are associated with the production of deficit(More)
CONTEXT During the past 2 decades, a major transition in the clinical characterization of psychotic disorders has occurred. The construct of a clinical high-risk (HR) state for psychosis has evolved to capture the prepsychotic phase, describing people presenting with potentially prodromal symptoms. The importance of this HR state has been increasingly(More)