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BACKGROUND Self-expanding metal stents have been used in the management of colorectal obstruction as an alternative to emergency surgery. Our aim was to systematically review the efficacy and safety of these stents in the setting of malignant colorectal obstruction. METHODS Both English and foreign language reports were identified from Medline, Embase,(More)
Baker's (Popliteal) cysts are frequently encountered on cross-sectional imaging of the knee. These consist of enlarged gastrocnemius semimembranosus bursa which typically communicate with the knee. They may be imaged with a variety of techniques including arthopgraphy, CT, ultrasound and MRI, with the latter two being more commonly used. Examples of bursa(More)
The diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in the adult is primarily based on typical patient symptomatology and urinary evaluation for the presence of bacteria and white blood cells. Uncomplicated UTI usually does not require radiological evaluation unless it is recurrent. Imaging should, in general, be reserved for those patients in whom conventional(More)
Lipoma arborescens is a rare disease that has generally been considered to be unilateral. We report a case of bilateral disease in a patient with associated marked premature osteoarthritis of the knees. We postulate a possible association between these two conditions and explain a possible underlying mechanism. We suggest that lipoma arborescens be(More)
Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is a well-recognized entity in the paediatric population, but is not well described or understood in the adult population. This is partly explained by the fact that its incidence declines with advancing age. Its diagnosis is, however, still important, with VUR accounting for at least 10% of adult patients with end-stage renal(More)
Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are the most common benign renal neoplasm and are often discovered incidentally. Due to both an increase in the use of imaging, as well as advances in imaging technology, they are being increasing identified in the general population. As these lesions are benign, there is good evidence that the majority of them can be safely followed(More)
Horseshoe kidney is the most common renal fusion anomaly and the patients are prone to a variety of complications, such as stone disease, pelviureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction, trauma, infections and tumours. As result of the abnormal anatomy of a horseshoe kidney, imaging and treatment pathways vary substantially from the normal kidney. In this review,(More)
Colonic diverticulitis occurs when diverticula within the colon become infected or inflamed. It is becoming an increasingly common cause for hospital admission, particularly in western society, where it is linked to a low fibre diet. Symptoms of diverticulitis include abdominal pain, diarrhoea and pyrexia, however, symptoms are often non-specific and the(More)