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We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the thymidine kinase (ATP:thymidine 5' phosphotransferase, EC gene of herpes simplex virus type 1 strain CL101 from a plasmid clone of viral DNA derived by Enquist et al. [Enquist, L. W., Vande Woude, G. F., Wagner, M., Smiley, J. R. & Summers, W. C. (1979) Gene 7, 335-342]. A cDNA copy of the(More)
It has been just five years since gray-scale ultrasound (U/S) became clinically available. Yet the day-today importance of U/S in general medicine and surgery-not just the traditional areas of ob/gyn and echocardiography-would be hard to overestimate. Because U/S is so new, however, there are still many clinicians who are ill at ease with those funny fuzzy(More)
Antiherpes therapies are principally targeted at viral thymidine kinases and utilize nucleoside analogs, the triphosphates of which are inhibitors of viral DNA polymerase or result in toxic effects when incorporated into DNA. The most frequently used drug, aciclovir (Zovirax), is a relatively poor substrate for thymidine kinase and high-resolution(More)
Analysis of restriction endonuclease cleavage sites within the inverted, repeated sequences in the joint region of the DNA of herpes simplex virus type 1 strain KOS revealed the presence of two types of sequence heterogeneity. The first was an insertion of 280 base pairs or multiples of 280 base pairs which was found in approximately half of all DNA(More)
Micrococcal nuclease digestion was used to probe the structures in which herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-I) DNA is found during virus replication. Parental DNA, progeny DNA and DNA in nucleocapsids were analysed. Parental DNA was examined after infection of Vero cells with 32P- or 3H-thymidine-labelled HSV-I. Progeny DNA was examined after HSV-I-infected(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome-negative Burkitt's lymphoma-derived cell lines BJAB and Ramos and their in vitro EBV-converted sublines BJAB-B1, BJAB-A5, BJAB-B95-8, and AW-Ramos were infected with high multiplicities of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1; 10 to 70 PFU/cell). Cultures were monitored for cell growth and HSV-1 DNA synthesis. EBV-converted(More)
The thymidine kinase encoded by herpes simplex virus type 1 contains an amino acid sequence homologous to a consensus sequence related to the ATP-binding site in many proteins. We have used site-directed mutagenesis to investigate the importance of the five highly conserved amino acids within this segment. When any one of the three glycines was changed to(More)
When a shuttle vector containing a tyrosine suppressor tRNA (supF) gene as a target for mutagenesis replicated in a monkey kidney cell line, the frequency of SupF+ mutations was 2.3 +/- 0.5 x 10(-3). When the host cells were treated with ethyl methanesulfonate 40 h before transfection, a 10-fold increase in SupF+ mutation frequency was observed. These(More)