William C. Merrick

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Pdcd4 is a novel transformation suppressor that inhibits tumor promoter-induced neoplastic transformation and the activation of AP-1-dependent transcription required for transformation. A yeast two-hybrid analysis revealed that Pdcd4 associates with the eukaryotic translation initiation factors eIF4AI and eIF4AII. Immunofluorescent confocal microscopy(More)
This review presents a description of the numerous eukaryotic protein synthesis factors and their apparent sequential utilization in the processes of initiation, elongation, and termination. Additionally, the rare use of reinitiation and internal initiation is discussed, although little is known biochemically about these processes. Subsequently, control of(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in gene regulatory networks in animals. Yet, the mechanistic details of their function in translation inhibition or messenger RNA (mRNA) destabilization remain controversial. To directly examine the earliest events in this process, we have developed an in vitro translation system using mouse Krebs-2 ascites(More)
The translation initiation step in eukaryotes is highly regulated and rate-limiting. During this process, the 40S ribosomal subunit is usually recruited to the 5′ terminus of the mRNA. It then migrates towards the initiation codon, where it is joined by the 60S ribosomal subunit to form the 80S initiation complex. Secondary structures in the 5′ untranslated(More)
Eukaryotic elongation factor 1 A (eEF1A, formerly elongation factor-1 alpha) is an important component of the protein synthesis apparatus. Here we report the isolation and characterization of the cDNA sequence encoding rabbit eEF1A-2, an isoform of eEF1A, as well as a structural and functional comparison of the two rabbit isoforms. Northern analysis of the(More)
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor-4A (eIF-4A) plays a critical role in binding of eukaryotic mRNAs to ribosomes. It has been biochemically characterized as an RNA-dependent ATPase and RNA helicase and is a prototype for a growing family of putative RNA helicases termed the DEAD box family. It is required for mRNA-ribosome binding both in its free(More)
A sequence comparison of nine functionally different GTP-binding protein families has yielded further information on the general characterization of the conservation and importance of amino acid sequences in the GTP-binding domain, including a consensus sequence composed of three consensus elements GXXXXGK, DXXG, and NKXD with consensus spacings of either(More)
The mammalian translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3), is a multiprotein complex of approximately 600 kDa that binds to the 40 S ribosome and promotes the binding of methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA. cDNAs encoding 5 of the 10 subunits, namely eIF3-p170, -p116, -p110, -p48, and -p36, have been isolated previously. Here we report the cloning and characterization of(More)
Although the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (CHX) has been known for decades, its precise mechanism of action remains incompletely understood. The glutarimide portion of CHX is seen in a family of structurally related natural products including migrastatin, isomigrastatin and lactimidomycin (LTM). We found that LTM, isomigrastatin and analogs(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) is an RNA-dependent ATPase and ATP-dependent RNA helicase that is thought to melt the 5' proximal secondary structure of eukaryotic mRNAs to facilitate attachment of the 40S ribosomal subunit. eIF4A functions in a complex termed eIF4F with two other initiation factors (eIF4E and eIF4G). Two isoforms of eIF4A, eIF4AI(More)