William C. Kerr

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AIM To review and discuss measurement issues in survey assessment of alcohol consumption for epidemiological studies. METHODS The following areas are considered: implications of cognitive studies of question answering such as self-referenced schemata of drinking, reference period and retrospective recall, as well as the assets and liabilities of types of(More)
We have provided recent evidence suggesting that a systematic error may be operating in prospective epidemiological mortality studies that have reported "light" or "moderate" regular use of alcohol to be "protective" against coronary heart disease. Using meta-analysis as a research tool, a hypothesis first suggested by Shaper and colleagues was tested.(More)
AIMS To compare beverage-specific per capita consumption and total alcohol consumption's associations with cirrhosis mortality rates in multiple countries. DESIGN Pooled cross-sectional time-series analysis. SETTING Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States during the years 1953-1993. MEASUREMENTS National level data on(More)
BACKGROUND To validate improved survey estimates of alcohol volume and new expenditures questions, these measures were aggregated and evaluated through comparison to sales data. Using the new measures, we examined their distributions by estimating the proportion of mean intake, heavy drinking days, and alcohol expenditures among drinkers grouped by volume.(More)
AIMS To estimate the separate influences of age, period and cohort on the consumption of beer wine and spirits in the United States. DESIGN Linear age-period-cohort models controlling for demographic change with extensive specification testing. Setting US general population 1979-2000. MEASUREMENTS Monthly average of past-year consumption of beer, wine(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to estimate relationships between life-course drinking patterns and the risks of self-reported diabetes, heart problems, and hypertension. METHOD Respondents to the 2005 National Alcohol Survey, age 40 and older, reported ever having a doctor or health professional diagnose each of the health-problem outcomes.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the stability of individual monthly alcohol consumption volume in three studies from the United States: The first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with three measurements, The Framingham Offspring and Spouse Cohort with four measurements, and the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth with six measurements. The results(More)
US state alcohol consumption patterns and trends are examined in order to identify groups of states with similar drinking habits or cultures. Rates of heavy drinking and current abstention and per capita apparent consumption levels are used to categorize states. Six state groupings were identified: North Central and New England with the highest consumption(More)
BACKGROUND Empirically based estimates of the mean alcohol content of beer, wine and spirits drinks from a national sample of US drinkers are not currently available. METHODS A sample of 310 drinkers from the 2000 National Alcohol Survey were re-contacted to participate in a telephone survey with specific questions about the drinks they consume. Subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies assess reliability and validity of lifetime alcohol measures. We undertook extended test-retest analyses of retrospective lifetime drinking measures and of incremental predictive ability of lifetime heavy drinking (days 5+ drinks) in teens, 20s, and 30s for current (12-month) alcohol use disorders (AUDs). METHODS A subset (31.4%;(More)