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OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to identify quality-of-life concerns, as reported by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive individuals, and to develop a measure to assess these concerns. METHODS The HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-targeted measure was developed in two linked studies. In study one, group discussions(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the definition of sexual abuse of boys, update estimates of its prevalence, and explore critically its reported correlates, sequelae, and management. DATA SOURCES Studies from 1985 to 1997 were identified using OVID-MEDLINE and OVID-CINAHL. The search terms used were sexual abuse, sexual victimization, and sexual assault. Constraints(More)
OBJECTIVES The author assesses performance characteristics of the 5-item mental health scale (MHI-5) of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Survey when used as a psychiatric case-finding measure for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive outpatients. METHODS Ninety-five HIV seropositive outpatients from two primary care practices were(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if HIV/AIDS-specific quality of life (QOL) predicts adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS HIV-infected outpatients on efavirenz plus 2 or 3 nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors and with HIV viral loads <75 copies/mL were followed until the censoring event of detectable viremia or 1 year of follow-up. QOL(More)
BACKGROUND Stigma is associated with depression treatment, however, whether stigma differs between depression treatment modalities is not known, nor have racial differences in depression treatment stigma been fully explored. OBJECTIVE To measure stigma for four depression treatments and estimate its association with treatment acceptability for African(More)
The effects of contact isolation on patient satisfaction are unknown. We performed a cross-sectional survey and found that most patients lack education and knowledge regarding isolation but feel that it improves their care. In multivariable analysis, isolated patients were not less satisfied with inpatient care than were nonisolated patients.
We sought to assess the reliability and construct validity of the HIV/AIDS-Targeted Quality of Life instrument (HAT-QoL) and the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey (MOS-HIV) adapted for use in Shona-speaking rural Zimbabwe. HAT-QoL and MOS-HIV were translated and culturally adapted into Shona, and administered to a convenience-sample of 400 patients(More)
Traditional, open-ended provider questions regarding patient symptoms are insensitive. Better methods are needed to measure symptoms for clinical management, patient-oriented research, and adverse drug-event reporting. Our objective was to develop and initially validate a brief, self-reported HIV symptom index tailored to patients exposed to multidrug(More)
Recent reports of sexually transmitted infection-rate increases among men indicate the need for renewed study of male sexual risk behavior to aid development of updated and novel risk reduction interventions. Men who have childhood sexual abuse (CSA) histories consistently report frequent sexual risk behavior. The objective of this sturdy is to explore(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to characterize respondents' prognostic perceptions of HIV infection and to explore how perceptions might affect medication and safe sex nonadherence. METHODS Surveys were mailed to 295 clients of an HIV-specific case management organization. Participants were asked to describe experience with HIV/AIDS right after(More)