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BACKGROUND Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) is an uncommon and aggressive malignancy. Despite the significant clinical implications of a diagnosis of PDTC, its cytomorphologic features have not been well defined. Statistical analysis was applied to a series of 40 PDTCs to identify a specific set of cytomorphologic features that characterized(More)
High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma of the head and neck is an aggressive neoplasm which rarely arises in the oropharynx. Here we report a series of 8 oropharyngeal neuroendocrine carcinomas associated with both human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and tobacco exposure. The tumor occurred predominantly in male patients (6 of 8) at a mean age of 59 years.(More)
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) State of the Science Conference on thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) proposed that follicular patterned lesions can be divided into two diagnostic categories; follicular lesion of undetermined significance/Atypia of undetermined significance (FLUS/AUS) and suspicious for follicular neoplasm/follicular neoplasm(More)
The effects of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), IL-1 beta, IL-6, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on erythropoietin (Epo) production in Hep3B cells were examined. The addition of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, or TNF-alpha resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of hypoxia-induced(More)
BACKGROUND The Bethesda System (TBS) for reporting thyroid cytopathology introduced the atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS) category, but did not provide adequate guidance for the appropriate use of this diagnosis. In the current study, the authors sought to identify an appropriate measure for AUS use(More)
Investigations of cancer-specific gene rearrangements have increased our understanding of human neoplasia and led to the use of the rearrangements in pathological diagnosis of blood cell and connective tissue malignancies. Here, we have investigated 3p25 rearrangements of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) gene in follicular(More)
The expression of sex hormone receptors in some tumors suggests a role for these receptors in tumor pathogenesis and therapy. Previous studies of the expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors in salivary gland tumors have reported conflicting results. We evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of androgen, estrogen, and progesterone receptors(More)
Microsatellite instability is a frequent (13%-24%) finding in sporadic endometrial adenocarcinoma and its precursor lesions, but most studies are limited to patients who already have malignant or premalignant endometrial disease. We performed retrospective testing for microsatellite instability in women in whom cancers showing microsatellite instability(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Thyroid carcinoma is an extraintestinal manifestation of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) syndrome, but the precise risk is unknown. The optimal approach for thyroid cancer screening has not been established. We sought to define the prevalence of thyroid cancer and the role of screening ultrasound in FAP patients. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the validity of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) through meta-analysis. STUDY DESIGN All publications between January 1, 2008 and September 1, 2011 that studied TBSRTC and had available histological follow-up data were retrieved. To calculate the sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic(More)