William C. Aird

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Endothelial cells, which form the inner cellular lining of blood vessels and lymphatics, display remarkable heterogeneity in structure and function. This is the first of a 2-part review focused on phenotypic heterogeneity of blood vessel endothelium. This review provides an historical perspective of our understanding of endothelial heterogeneity, discusses(More)
Endothelial cells, which form the inner cellular lining of blood vessels and lymphatics, display remarkable heterogeneity in structure and function. This is the second of a 2-part review on the phenotypic heterogeneity of blood vessel endothelial cells. The first part discusses the scope, the underlying mechanisms, and the diagnostic and therapeutic(More)
The endothelium is a highly dynamic cell layer that is involved in a multitude of physiologic functions, including the control of vasomotor tone, the trafficking of cells and nutrients, the maintenance of blood fluidity, and the growth of new blood vessels. Over the past several decades, advances in basic research of the endothelium have far outstripped(More)
Severe sepsis, defined as sepsis with acute organ dysfunction, is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. The development of novel therapies for sepsis is critically dependent on an understanding of the basic mechanisms of the disease. The pathophysiology of severe sepsis involves a highly complex, integrated response that includes the(More)
Proximal promoter DNA methylation has been shown to be important for regulating gene expression. However, its relative contribution to the cell-specific expression of endothelial cell (EC)-enriched genes has not been defined. We used methyl-DNA immunoprecipitation and bisulfite conversion to analyze the DNA methylation profile of EC-enriched genes in ECs vs(More)
OBJECTIVE To review recent advances in the field of endothelial cell heterogeneity, and to apply this knowledge to an understanding of site-specific vasculopathy, including acute lung injury. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION Published research and review articles in the English language related to endothelial cell biology and endothelial cell(More)
Endothelial cell phenotypes are differentially regulated between different sites of the vascular tree. We tested the hypothesis that endocan, a novel soluble dermatan sulfate proteoglycan, is differentially expressed in the intact endothelium and that site-specific expression is mediated by signals in the local microenvironment. Using a combination of(More)
  • W C Aird
  • Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH
  • 2007
Hemostasis represents a finely tuned balance between procoagulant and anticoagulant forces. An imbalance of these forces may lead to clinically significant disease, including arterial, venous and/or microvascular thrombosis. The vast majority of hypercoagulable states are associated with local thrombus formation. The goal of this review is to discuss the(More)
In septic shock, tissue factor (TF) activates blood coagulation, and cytokines and chemokines orchestrate an inflammatory response. In this study, the role of Egr-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction of TF and inflammatory mediators in vivo was evaluated using Egr-1(+/+) and Egr-1(-/-) mice. Administration of LPS transiently increased the steady-state(More)
An emerging tool in airway biology is the precision-cut lung slice (PCLS). Adoption of the PCLS as a model for assessing airway reactivity has been hampered by the limited time window within which tissues remain viable. Here we demonstrate that the PCLS can be frozen, stored long-term, and then thawed for later experimental use. Compared with the(More)