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Endothelial cells, which form the inner cellular lining of blood vessels and lymphatics, display remarkable heterogeneity in structure and function. This is the first of a 2-part review focused on phenotypic heterogeneity of blood vessel endothelium. This review provides an historical perspective of our understanding of endothelial heterogeneity, discusses(More)
Severe sepsis, defined as sepsis with acute organ dysfunction, is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. The development of novel therapies for sepsis is critically dependent on an understanding of the basic mechanisms of the disease. The pathophysiology of severe sepsis involves a highly complex, integrated response that includes the(More)
The incidence of many cancer types is significantly reduced in individuals with Down's syndrome, and it is thought that this broad cancer protection is conferred by the increased expression of one or more of the 231 supernumerary genes on the extra copy of chromosome 21. One such gene is Down's syndrome candidate region-1 (DSCR1, also known as RCAN1), which(More)
The endothelium is morphologically and functionally adapted to meet the unique demands of the underlying tissue. At the present time, little is known about the molecular basis of endothelial cell diversity. As one approach to this problem, we have chosen to study the mechanisms that govern differential expression of the endothelial cell-restricted von(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent vascular endothelial cell-specific mitogen that modulates endothelial cell function. In the present study, we show that VEGF induces manganese-superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) mRNA and protein in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) and pulmonary artery endothelial cells. VEGF-mediated induction(More)
Sepsis, the systemic inflammatory response to infection, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The mechanisms of sepsis pathophysiology remain obscure but are likely to involve a complex interplay between mediators of the inflammatory and coagulation pathways. An improved understanding of these mechanisms should provide an important foundation for(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic growth factor that promotes endothelial cell (EC) survival, migration, and permeability. The forkhead transcription factors FKHR, FKHRL1, and AFX are mammalian orthologues of DAF-16, a forkhead protein that controls longevity in Caenorhabditis elegans. In this study, we examined(More)
Leukocyte recruitment to sites of infection or inflammation requires multiple adhesive events. Although numerous players promoting leukocyte-endothelial interactions have been characterized, functionally important endogenous inhibitors of leukocyte adhesion have not been identified. Here we describe the endothelially derived secreted molecule Del-1(More)