Learn More
Aluminium adjuvants, typically referred to as 'alum', are the most commonly used adjuvants in human and animal vaccines worldwide, yet the mechanism underlying the stimulation of the immune system by alum remains unknown. Toll-like receptors are critical in sensing infections and are therefore common targets of various adjuvants used in immunological(More)
T helper 17 (Th17) cells are important for host defense against extracellular microorganisms. However, they are also implicated in autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases, and as such need to be tightly regulated. The mechanisms that directly control committed pathogenic Th17 cells in vivo remain unclear. We showed here that IL-17A-producing CD4+ T(More)
Interleukin 23 (IL-23) and IL-17 have been linked to the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease. Yet as an important function for IL-23 is emerging, the function of IL-17 in inflammatory bowel disease remains unclear. Here we demonstrate IL-17A-mediated protection in the CD45RBhi transfer model of(More)
Interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing helper T cells (T(H)17 cells) have been broadly linked to the pathogenesis of multiple autoimmune diseases. In the few short years since the discovery of T(H)17 cells, new paradigms about their prominence in chronic inflammation and human autoimmunity have emerged. Recent findings that T(H)17 cells might be capable of(More)
The newly discovered mammalian CATERPILLER (NOD, NALP, PAN) family of proteins share similarities with the NBD-LRR superfamily of plant disease resistance (R) proteins and are predicted to mediate important immune regulatory function. This report describes the first cloning and characterization of a novel CATERPILLER gene, CLR16.2 that is located on human(More)
Cryopyrin (CIAS1, NLRP3) and ASC are components of the inflammasome, a multiprotein complex required for caspase-1 activation and cytokine IL-1beta production. CIAS1 mutations underlie autoinflammation characterized by excessive IL-1beta secretion. Disease-associated cryopyrin also causes a program of necrosis-like cell death in macrophages, the mechanistic(More)
The role of direct IL-10 signaling in different T cell subsets is not well understood. To address this, we generated transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative IL-10 receptor specifically in T cells (CD4dnIL-10Rα). We found that Foxp3-depleted CD45RB(lo) (regulatory T cell [T(reg) cell]-depleted CD45RB(lo)) but not CD45RB(hi) CD4(+) T cells are(More)
Activation of class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) gene expression is regulated by a master regulator, class II transcriptional activator (CIITA). Transactivation by CIITA requires its nuclear import. This study will address a mechanistic role for the leucine-rich repeats (LRR) of CIITA in regulating nuclear translocation by mutating 12(More)
Mutations in the cold-induced autoinflammatory syndrome 1 (CIAS1) gene have been recently linked to three chronic autoinflammatory disorders. These observations point to an important role for CIAS1 in regulating inflammatory processes. We report that TNF-alpha and ligands recognized by multiple Toll-like receptors rapidly induce CIAS1 gene expression in(More)
We have shown that mice that express the C-C chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) have enhanced local tumor growth and an impaired response to vaccine therapy compared with CCR5 knockout (CCR5(-/-)) mice. Here, we extend these observations to evaluate the function of CCR5 in pulmonary metastasis and the mechanism underlying the diminished tumor growth in CCR5(-/-)(More)