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The autosomal dominant mutation in the human alphaB-crystallin gene inducing a R120G amino acid exchange causes a multisystem, protein aggregation disease including cardiomyopathy. The pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy in this mutant (hR120GCryAB) is poorly understood. Here, we show that transgenic mice overexpressing cardiac-specific hR120GCryAB recapitulate(More)
Saxitoxin (STX) and tetrodotoxin (TTX) are frequently used to selectively block sodium channels. In this study, we provide evidence that commercial STX also inhibits L-type Ca2+ currents (I(Ca,L)) in adult mouse ventricular myocytes (VMs) and tsA-201 cells that were transiently cotransfected with three calcium channel subunits. We measured inhibition of(More)
We examined the dependence of peak Na+ pump and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger currents on prior Na+ pump inhibition induced by exposure to zero extracellular K+ in voltage-clamped adult murine ventricular myocytes. Abrupt activation of the Na+ pump by reexposure of myocytes to extracellular K+ with a rapid solution switcher resulted in the development of a transient(More)
We measured [Ca2+]i and [Na+]i in isolated transgenic (TG) mouse myocytes overexpressing the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger and in wild-type (WT) myocytes. In TG myocytes, the peak systolic level and amplitude of electrically stimulated (ES) [Ca2+]i transients (0.25 Hz) were not significantly different from those in WT myocytes, but the time to peak [Ca2+]i was(More)
The P2X4 receptor is a newly identified receptor expressed in the heart cell. Its function was elucidated with cardiac transgenic (TG) expression of the receptor by using the myocardium-specific a-myosin heavy chain promoter. The presence of the transgene was determined by polymerase chain reaction by using primers specific to the receptor and the vector(More)
A unipositional lead system has been developed to record the human magnetic heart vector and to permit comparison with the electric heart vector recorded with a conventional Frank lead system. Recordings made in five normal subjects showed a remarkably consistent relation between the electric and magnetic heart vectors. However, the angle between electric(More)
The relative magnitudes and functional significance of Ca extrusion by Na-Ca exchange and by an Nao-independent mechanism were investigated in monolayer cultures of chick embryo ventricular cells. Abrupt exposure of cells in 0-Nao, nominally 0-Cao solution to 20 mM caffeine produced a large contracture (3.94 +/- 0.90 micron of cell shortening) that relaxed(More)
Cultured monolayers of spontaneously contracting chick embryo ventricular cells were perfused with culture medium containing ouabain. Contractile state was monitored by an optical-video system recording amplitude and velocity of cell wall motion. Positive inotropic effects of 2.5 x 10(-7) to 10(-6) M ouabain were manifest within 1.5-2 min, and reached a(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which ventricular function is altered during cardiac transplant rejection are not well understood. Therefore, an in vitro model system has been developed to facilitate investigation of lymphocyte-mediated myocyte injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Splenic lymphoid cells were obtained from mice 8-10 days after placement of a(More)