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Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are common pain conditions that have their highest prevalence among women of reproductive age. The higher prevalence of TMD pain among women, pattern of onset after puberty and lowered prevalence rates in the post-menopausal years suggest that female reproductive hormones may play an etiologic role in TMD. Two epidemiologic(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumonia is a common complication of influenza infection in elderly individuals and could therefore potentially be prevented by influenza vaccination. In studies with data from administrative sources, vaccinated elderly people had a reduced risk of admission for pneumonia compared with unvaccinated seniors; however, these findings could have(More)
There have been a number of histopathologic studies of retinas that were taken post mortem from patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), but few have addressed the question of transneuronal degeneration of ganglion cells secondary to photoreceptor death. We studied sectioned maculae that were obtained from 41 patients with different genetic forms of RP:(More)
BACKGROUND While an extensive literature documents the influence of depression on general medical services utilization, estimates of the economic burden of depression have focused on the direct costs of depression treatment. Higher use of general medical services may contribute significantly to the true cost of depressive illness. METHODS Computerized(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors examined the overall health care costs associated with depression and anxiety among primary care patients. METHOD Of 2,110 consecutive primary care patients in a health maintenance organization, 1,962 were screened with the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. A stratified random sample of 615 patients were selected for further(More)
Computerized pharmacy records from a large staff-model health maintenance organization were used to examine patterns of antidepressant use by primary care physicians and psychiatrists. Based on timing of prescription refills, patients treated by psychiatrists were more likely than those treated in primary care to continue medication for more than 30 days(More)
PURPOSE To update the recommendations on the role of bone-modifying agents in the prevention and treatment of skeletal-related events (SREs) for patients with metastatic breast cancer with bone metastases. METHODS A literature search using MEDLINE and the Cochrane Collaboration Library identified relevant studies published between January 2003 and(More)
AbstrAct The emergence of new doctrine is enabling security, stabilization, transition and reconstruction (SSTR) operations to become a core U.S. military mission. These operations are now given equal priority to combat operations. The immediate goal in SSTR is to provide the local populace with security, restore essential services , and meet humanitarian(More)
BACKGROUND Tamoxifen is standard adjuvant treatment for postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. We assessed the benefit of adding chemotherapy to adjuvant tamoxifen and whether tamoxifen should be given concurrently or after chemotherapy. METHODS We undertook a phase 3, parallel, randomised trial (SWOG-8814, INT-0100) in(More)