Learn More
BACKGROUND Acupuncture is a popular complementary and alternative treatment for chronic back pain. Recent European trials suggest similar short-term benefits from real and sham acupuncture needling. This trial addresses the importance of needle placement and skin penetration in eliciting acupuncture effects for patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS(More)
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are common pain conditions that have their highest prevalence among women of reproductive age. The higher prevalence of TMD pain among women, pattern of onset after puberty and lowered prevalence rates in the post-menopausal years suggest that female reproductive hormones may play an etiologic role in TMD. Two epidemiologic(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumonia is a common complication of influenza infection in elderly individuals and could therefore potentially be prevented by influenza vaccination. In studies with data from administrative sources, vaccinated elderly people had a reduced risk of admission for pneumonia compared with unvaccinated seniors; however, these findings could have(More)
BACKGROUND Certain factors, such as race or age, are known to be associated with variation in initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer, but little is known about what factors are associated with completion of adjuvant therapy. To determine whether predictors of initiation also predict completion, we analyzed Surveillance, Epidemiology,(More)
PURPOSE Numerous chemotherapeutic agents are cytotoxic through generation of reactive species, and variability in genes related to oxidative stress may influence disease-free survival (DFS). We examined relationships between DFS and variants in NOS3, as well as NQO1, NQO2, and CBR3, among treated and untreated breast cancer patients in a Southwest Oncology(More)
Purpose: There are no established genetic markers for prediction of outcomes after cyclophosphamide (CP)-containing adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. In an ancillary study to a SWOG (Southwest Oncology Group) trial (S8897), we investigated functional polymorphisms in 4 genes in CP pharmacokinetic pathways in relation to hematologic toxicity and(More)
BACKGROUND Although most American women regularly receive screening clinical breast examination (CBE), little is known about CBE accuracy in community practice. We sought to estimate the rate of cancer detection (sensitivity) of screening CBE performed by community-based clinicians on women who ultimately died of breast cancer, as well as to identify(More)
There have been a number of histopathologic studies of retinas that were taken post mortem from patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), but few have addressed the question of transneuronal degeneration of ganglion cells secondary to photoreceptor death. We studied sectioned maculae that were obtained from 41 patients with different genetic forms of RP:(More)
BACKGROUND While an extensive literature documents the influence of depression on general medical services utilization, estimates of the economic burden of depression have focused on the direct costs of depression treatment. Higher use of general medical services may contribute significantly to the true cost of depressive illness. METHODS Computerized(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors examined the overall health care costs associated with depression and anxiety among primary care patients. METHOD Of 2,110 consecutive primary care patients in a health maintenance organization, 1,962 were screened with the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. A stratified random sample of 615 patients were selected for further(More)