William B. Rizzo

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Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an inherited lysosomal storage disease caused by arylsulfatase A (ARSA) deficiency. Patients with MLD exhibit progressive motor and cognitive impairment and die within a few years of symptom onset. We used a lentiviral vector to transfer a functional ARSA gene into hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from three(More)
We investigated the biochemical and clinical efficacy of dietary erucic acid (C22:1) therapy for X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). In a double-blind crossover study of patients who were on chronic oleic acid (C18:1) therapy, addition of erucic acid to the diet led to a further reduction in plasma hexacosanoic acid (C26:0) concentration. We treated 12(More)
Inherited defects in mitochondrial fatty-acid beta-oxidation comprise a group of at least 12 diseases characterized by distinct enzyme or transporter deficiencies. Most of these diseases have a variable age of onset and clinical severity. Symptoms are often episodic and associated with mild viral illness, physiologic stress, or prolonged exercise that(More)
Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is an X-linked disorder characterized by demyelination, adrenal insufficiency, and accumulation of saturated very-long-chain fatty acids (VLFA), particularly hexacosanoate (C26:0). We treated 5 patients with adrenoleukodystrophy (3 males and 2 symptomatic female carriers) for 6 months with a diet enriched in oleic acid (C18:1) and(More)
BACKGROUND Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an early childhood-onset disorder with ichthyosis, mental retardation, spastic paraparesis, macular dystrophy, and leukoencephalopathy caused by the deficiency of fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase due to mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene (the gene that encodes microsomal fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase). Cerebral proton(More)
Monounsaturated fatty acids, especially oleic acid (C18:1), decreased the content of saturated very-long-chain fatty acids (VLFA) in cultured skin fibroblasts from patients with adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) and controls. When confluent ALD fibroblasts were incubated with oleic acid for 5 days in lipid-free medium, which eliminates uptake of exogenous VLFA,(More)
We studied very long-chain fatty acid (VLFA) metabolism in cultured fibroblasts from patients with adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). Total hexacosanoate (C26:0) content of ALD fibroblasts was sixfold higher than normal and did not return to normal when cells were grown in lipid-free medium. When normal or ALD fibroblasts were grown in medium containing 10% ALD(More)
Childhood adrenoleukodystrophy is an X chromosome-linked disorder characterized by progressive demyelination of cerebral white matter and adrenal insufficiency. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed in 15 patients with symptomatic disease and three with presymptomatic disease. MR imaging findings were abnormal only in symptomatic patients. Major(More)
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by ichthyosis, mental retardation, spasticity and mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene coding for fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase, an enzyme necessary for oxidation of fatty aldehydes and fatty alcohols. We investigated the cutaneous abnormalities in 9 patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome to better(More)
A patient with hyperphenylalaninemia caused by a defect in the synthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin was treated with 6-methyltetrahydropterin. This synthetic analog of the naturally occurring hydroxylation cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin, when given orally at a daily dose of 20 mg per kilogram of body weight increased depressed plasma and cerebrospinal fluid(More)