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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that NASH is associated with 2 defects: (1) peripheral insulin resistance, which increases lipolysis, delivery of free fatty acids (FFA) to the liver, and hepatic fatty acid beta oxidation, thereby creating oxidative stress; and (2) an(More)
Mutations in the fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH) gene cause Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS)-a disease characterized by mental retardation, spasticity, and congenital ichthyosis. To facilitate mutation analysis in SLS and to study the pathogenesis of FALDH deficiency, we have determined the structural organization and characterized expression of the(More)
We treated 93 children with nephropathic cystinosis with oral cysteamine (mean dose, 51.3 mg per kilogram of body weight per day) for up to 73 months. This agent is known to be effective in depleting cells of cystine. In our study, the mean cystine depletion from leukocytes was 82 percent. A historical control group of 55 children received either ascorbic(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an inherited lysosomal storage disease caused by arylsulfatase A (ARSA) deficiency. Patients with MLD exhibit progressive motor and cognitive impairment and die within a few years of symptom onset. We used a lentiviral vector to transfer a functional ARSA gene into hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from three(More)
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an inherited neurocutaneous disorder characterized by mental retardation, spasticity and ichthyosis. SLS patients have a profound deficiency in fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH) activity. We have now cloned the human FALDH cDNA and show that it maps to the SLS locus on chromosome 17p11.2. Sequence analysis of FALDH(More)
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an inherited neurocutaneous disorder caused by mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene that encodes fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH), an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of fatty aldehyde to fatty acid. Affected patients display ichthyosis, mental retardation and spastic diplegia. More than 70 mutations in ALDH3A2 have been(More)
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ichthyosis, mental retardation, and spastic diplegia or tetraplegia. The disease is caused by mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene (also known as FALDH and ALDH10) on chromosome 17p11.2 that encodes fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH), an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of(More)
To better understand the genetic disorder Sjogren-Larsson syndrome which is caused by a deficiency of fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase activity, we determined the subcellular localization of the enzyme and investigated its biochemical properties. Using density gradient centrifugation, we found that fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase activity was predominantly(More)
Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) and adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) are related X-linked disorders characterized by adrenal, gonadal, and nervous system dysfunction. While the pathologic finding common to these tissues appears to be the accumulation of excessive amounts of very long chain fatty acids, the mechanism leading to functional impairment in these tissues(More)
Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is an X-linked disorder characterized by demyelination, adrenal insufficiency, and accumulation of saturated very-long-chain fatty acids (VLFA), particularly hexacosanoate (C26:0). We treated 5 patients with adrenoleukodystrophy (3 males and 2 symptomatic female carriers) for 6 months with a diet enriched in oleic acid (C18:1) and(More)