William B . Mattes

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The first formal qualification of safety biomarkers for regulatory decision making marks a milestone in the application of biomarkers to drug development. Following submission of drug toxicity studies and analyses of biomarker performance to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMEA) by the Predictive Safety Testing(More)
Clinical proteomics has yielded some early positive results-the identification of potential disease biomarkers-indicating the promise for this analytical approach to improve the current state of the art in clinical practice. However, the inability to verify some candidate molecules in subsequent studies has led to skepticism among many clinicians and(More)
The Critical Path Institute recently established the Predictive Safety Testing Consortium, a collaboration between several companies and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, aimed at evaluating and qualifying biomarkers for a variety of toxicological endpoints. The Carcinogenicity Working Group of the Predictive Safety Testing Consortium has concentrated(More)
Biomarkers may be qualified using different qualification processes. A passive approach for qualification has been to accept the end of discussions in the scientific literature as an indication that a biomarker has been accepted. An active approach to qualification requires development of a comprehensive process by which a consensus may be reached about the(More)
The marriage of toxicology and genomics has created not only opportunities but also novel informatics challenges. As with the larger field of gene expression analysis, toxicogenomics faces the problems of probe annotation and data comparison across different array platforms. Toxicogenomics studies are generally built on standard toxicology studies(More)
Application of any new biomarker to support safety-related decisions during regulated phases of drug development requires provision of a substantial data set that critically assesses analytical and biological performance of that biomarker. Such an approach enables stakeholders from industry and regulatory bodies to objectively evaluate whether superior(More)
Cross-species comparative toxicogenomics has the potential for improving the understanding of the different responses of animal models to toxicants at a molecular level. This understanding could then lead to a more accurate extrapolation of the risk posed by these toxicants to humans. Cross-species comparative studies have been carried out at the genomic(More)
Foodborne illnesses occur in both industrialized and developing countries, and may be increasing due to rapidly evolving food production practices. Yet some primary tools used to assess food safety are decades, if not centuries, old. To improve the time to result for food safety assessment a sensitive flow cytometer based system to detect microbial(More)
The qualification of biomarkers of drug safety requires data on many compounds and nonclinical and clinical studies. The cost and effort associated with these qualifications cannot be easily covered by a single pharmaceutical company. Intellectual property associated with safety biomarkers is also held by many different companies. Consortia between(More)
Regulation and expression of E-cadherin and other adhesion molecules were evaluated after exposure to a selective inhibitor of the Src family of tyrosine kinases and inducer of E-cadherin, PP2. E-cadherin is located within the intercellular junction, and it is involved in the management of paracellular permeability of various epithelial barriers in the(More)