William B. Hanson

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Previous calculations of the rate at which falling droplets in clouds collide with aerosols have led to the conclusion that except in thunderclouds any electrical charges on the aerosols or droplets have little effect on the collision rate. However, it had been assumed that the aerosols would have only a few elementary charges on them, whereas it is now(More)
The effects of large winds on the low-latitude E region ionosphere and the equatorial electrojet in particular are analyzed theoretically, computationally, and experimentally. The principles that govern the relationship between electric fields, currents, and winds in steady flows in the ionosphere are reviewed formally. A three-dimensional numerical model(More)
On 24th November, 1982, The North-South (Bz) component of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) became positive for a period of about 11 hours reaching a relatively large and steady value of---25 nT. During this rare occurrence, the Dynamics Explorer-2 (DE-2) spacecraft was in a configuration that enabled the dynamics of both ionic and neutral species of(More)
Examples of data from DE-2 satellite instruments are presented. These illustrate the behaviour of plasma parameters in the F-region and adjacent topside ionosphere during rapid sub-auroral ion drift (SAID) events. In particular, a variety of behaviours of the electron temperature …Te† is demonstrated, both within and equatorward of the SAID region. The(More)
The dipole impedance of an aperture in a plane conductor is obtained by modifying the general network formulation of electromagnetic apertures presented by Mautz and Harrington. The derived dipole impedances are combined in parallel to form an effective circuit description of low frequency aperture diffraction. Power transmitted into the aperture by an(More)
Results from the aeroshell-mounted neutral mass spectrometer on Viking I indicate that the upper atmosphere of Mars is composed mainly of CO(2) with trace quantities of N(2), Ar, O, O(2), and CO. The mixing ratios by volume relative to CO(2) for N(2), Ar, and O(2) are about 0.06, 0.015, and 0.003, respectively, at an altitude near 135 kilometers. Molecular(More)
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