William B. Gleason

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2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-[1-(3- or 4-substituted phenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)ethyl]-acetamides 3-6 were synthesized as kappa-selective affinity labels and evaluated for opioid activity. In smooth muscle preparations, the non-electrophilic parent compound (+)-S-2 and the affinity labels 3-6 behaved as kappa agonists in that they were potently(More)
The crystal structure of mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase from porcine heart contains four identical subunits in the asymmetric unit of a monoclinic cell. Although the molecule functions as a dimer in solution, it exists as a tetramer with 222 point symmetry in the crystal. The crystallographic refinement was facilitated in the early stages by using weak(More)
The presence of a molecular scaffold to orient a basic group is important for potent and selective kappa opioid antagonist selectivity. An attempt to determine how the geometry of the scaffold affects this selectivity has led to the synthesis of a bivalent ligand (5) whose linker constrains the N17' basic nitrogen (the "address") to a position that is 6.5 A(More)
The elongation factor 2 (EF-2) genes of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been cloned and characterized with the ultimate goal of gaining a better understanding of the mechanism and control of protein synthesis. Two genes (EFT1 and EFT2) were isolated by screening a bacteriophage lambda yeast genomic DNA library with an oligonucleotide probe(More)
Four 1,2-dialkyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyridones (DAHPs), which are iron chelators potentially suitable for oral administration, and their formic acid solvates (DAHP-Fs) were examined in powder form by powder X-ray diffraction (PXD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and hot-stage microscopy (HSM). The experimental PXD(More)
The carcinogenicity of estrogens in rodents and man has been attributed to either alkylation of cellular macromolecules and/or redox-cycling, generation of active radicals, and DNA damage. Metabolic activation of estradiol leading to the formation of catechol estrogens is believed to be a prerequisite for its genotoxic effects. 4-Hydroxyestradiol, although(More)
Reaction of 3,4-estrone o-quinone (3,4-EQ) with several amino acid side chain mimics, including 4-ethylphenol, 4-methylimidazole, acetic acid, and propanethiol, gave a mixture of several products including the catechol, Michael addition products, and dimeric products of the catechol. On the other hand, several other amino acid side chain mimics, including(More)
6-Substituted bicyclic thiazolidine lactam peptidomimetics of Pro-Leu-Gly-NH(2) (1) were synthesized to test the hypothesis that incorporation of a hydrophobic side chain into the bicyclic thiazolidine lactam scaffold would further enhance the dopamine receptor modulating activity of such peptidomimetics. The substituents employed were the isobutyl, butyl,(More)
Triprolines Pro-Pro-Pro-NH2 (4), Pro-Pro-D-Pro-NH2 (5), Pro-Pro(trans-3-Me)-D-Pro-NH2 (6), and Pro-Pro(cis-3-Me)-D-Pro-NH2 (7) were made as conformationally constrained analogues of Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2. Triprolines 4-6 produced significant increases in the high- and low-affinity state ratio (RH/RL) of the dopamine receptor, but only 4 was found to increase(More)
In the present study, L-prolyl-L-leucyl-glycinamide (1) peptidomimetics 3a-3d and 4a-4d were synthesized utilizing alpha, alpha-disubstituted amino acids. These analogues were designed to explore the conformational effects of constraints at the phi3 and psi3 torsion angles. Constrained conformations were verified by the use of X-ray crystallography and(More)