William B. Gleason

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The elongation factor 2 (EF-2) genes of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been cloned and characterized with the ultimate goal of gaining a better understanding of the mechanism and control of protein synthesis. Two genes (EFT1 and EFT2) were isolated by screening a bacteriophage lambda yeast genomic DNA library with an oligonucleotide probe(More)
The crystal structure of mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase from porcine heart contains four identical subunits in the asymmetric unit of a monoclinic cell. Although the molecule functions as a dimer in solution, it exists as a tetramer with 222 point symmetry in the crystal. The crystallographic refinement was facilitated in the early stages by using weak(More)
2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-[1-(3- or 4-substituted phenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)ethyl]-acetamides 3-6 were synthesized as kappa-selective affinity labels and evaluated for opioid activity. In smooth muscle preparations, the non-electrophilic parent compound (+)-S-2 and the affinity labels 3-6 behaved as kappa agonists in that they were potently(More)
Triprolines Pro-Pro-Pro-NH2 (4), Pro-Pro-D-Pro-NH2 (5), Pro-Pro(trans-3-Me)-D-Pro-NH2 (6), and Pro-Pro(cis-3-Me)-D-Pro-NH2 (7) were made as conformationally constrained analogues of Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2. Triprolines 4-6 produced significant increases in the high- and low-affinity state ratio (RH/RL) of the dopamine receptor, but only 4 was found to increase(More)
The carcinogenicity of estrogens in rodents and man has been attributed to either alkylation of cellular macromolecules and/or redox-cycling, generation of active radicals, and DNA damage. Metabolic activation of estradiol leading to the formation of catechol estrogens is believed to be a prerequisite for its genotoxic effects. 4-Hydroxyestradiol, although(More)
In the present study, the synthesis of the 5.5.6. and 5.6.5. spiro bicyclic lactam PLG peptidomimetics, compounds 3 and 4, respectively, was undertaken. These peptidomimetics were designed to examine the following: (1) the effect that changing the size of the thiazolidine and lactam ring systems would have on the ability of these systems to mimic the(More)
Four 1,2-dialkyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyridones (DAHPs), which are iron chelators potentially suitable for oral administration, and their formic acid solvates (DAHP-Fs) were examined in powder form by powder X-ray diffraction (PXD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and hot-stage microscopy (HSM). The experimental PXD(More)
The tricyclic quinolone antibacterial agent 6,7-dihydro-5,8-dimethyl-9-fluoro-1-oxo-1H,5H-benzo[ij]quinolizine -2-carboxylic acid has an asymmetric center at position 5 of the molecule. The R and S isomers of the compound have been prepared from the corresponding (R)- and (S)-2,5-dimethyl-6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolines, which were separated via their(More)
The presence of a molecular scaffold to orient a basic group is important for potent and selective kappa opioid antagonist selectivity. An attempt to determine how the geometry of the scaffold affects this selectivity has led to the synthesis of a bivalent ligand (5) whose linker constrains the N17' basic nitrogen (the "address") to a position that is 6.5 A(More)
6-Substituted bicyclic thiazolidine lactam peptidomimetics of Pro-Leu-Gly-NH(2) (1) were synthesized to test the hypothesis that incorporation of a hydrophobic side chain into the bicyclic thiazolidine lactam scaffold would further enhance the dopamine receptor modulating activity of such peptidomimetics. The substituents employed were the isobutyl, butyl,(More)