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Absfraci. Rate constants for the reactions of OH with HFC-134a (CF3CH2F) have been measured relative to CH3CC13, CH4 and HFC-125 (CF3CHF2). Rate constants for HFC-134 (CF2HCF2H) were measured relative to CH3CC13, HFC-1 25, and HFC-134a, The measurements were made in a slow-flow, temperature controlled photochcmical reactor, and were based on relative rates(More)
Atmospheric heavy ozone is enriched in the isotopes 18O and 17O. The magnitude of this enhancement, of the order of 100%, is very large compared with that commonly known in atmospheric chemistry and geochemistry. The heavy oxygen atom in heavy ozone is therefore useful as a tracer of chemical species and pathways that involve ozone or its derived products.(More)
Relative rate experiments were used to measure ratios of chemical kinetics rate constants as a function of temperature for the reactions of OH with isobutane, isopentane, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,3,4-trimethylpentane, n-heptane, n-octane, cyclopentane, cyclohexane, and cycloheptane.(More)
We propose a novel mechanism for isotopic exchange between CO2 and O3 via O(1D) + CO2 --> CO3* followed by CO3* --> CO2 + O(3P). A one-dimensional model calculation shows that this mechanism can account for the enrichment in 18O in the stratospheric CO2 observed by Gamo et al. [1989], using the heavy O3 profile observed by Mauersberger [1981]. The(More)
Relative rate experiments were used to measure ratios of chemical kinetics rate constants as a function of temperature for the reactions of OH with eight fluoroethers, including CF3OCF2CHF2, CF3OCF2CHFCF3, CHF2CF2OCHF2, CF3CHFCF2OCH2CF3, (CF3)2CHOCHF2, CF2HCF2OCH2CF3, CHF2CF2OCHFCF3, and CF3CH2OCH2CF3. The temperature ranges were about 270-400 K. Each(More)
Using FTIR smog chamber techniques, k(Cl + CF3OCF2CF2H) = (2.70 +/- 0.52) x 10(-16), k(OH + CF3OCF2CF2H) = (2.26 +/- 0.18) x 10(-15), k(Cl + CF3OC(CF3)2H) = (1.58 +/- 0.27) x 10(-18) and k(OH + CF3OC(CF3)2H) = (3.26 +/- 0.95) x 10(-16) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) were measured. The atmospheric lifetimes of CF3OCF2CF2H and CF3OC(CF3)2H are estimated to be 27 and(More)
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