William A. Weems

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1. In vitro studies were conducted on neurons within the inferior mesenteric ganglion (IMG) of guinea pigs to investigate how intrinsic features of the spike-generating process interact with preganglionic inputs to produce the output firing patterns of these neurons. Intracellular-electrode techniques were used to monitor and control electrical activity of(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made, in vitro, from neurones of guinea-pig inferior mesenteric ganglia (IMG) attached, via the lumbar colonic nerves, to segments of distal colon. 2. 'Spontaneous' synaptic input from colonic afferent fibres was observed in 79% of the neurones tested. In any given preparation, the level and pattern of this synaptic input to(More)
Active stress and cross-sectional area of intestinal muscle were assessed in tissues taken from unoperated rats, from rats that had undergone bypass of 70% of the small bowel, and from rats that had undergone transection and anastomosis of the bowel. Thirty-five days after operation, muscle from the intestine of transected and bypassed animals elicited(More)
1. Electrical activity of longitudinal muscle from cat intestine was recorded in the double sucrose gap.2. Approximately 20% of the preparations demonstrated slow, spontaneous fluctuations of membrane voltage, slow waves. This activity, although quite uniform in a given preparation, showed considerable inter-preparation variation with respect to amplitude,(More)
The alterations in fasting gallbladder and gastrointestinal motility during hemorrhagic shock were investigated. Eight opossums implanted with a gallbladder cannula, gastrointestinal bipolar electrodes, and a carotid catheter were subjected to hemorrhagic shock of 30 mm Hg for 60 minutes by the removal of arterial blood. Shed blood was reinfused after the(More)
The aim of this study was to test in vivo (a) whether the sphincter of Oddi acts as a resistor or also as a pump, (b) the effect of an IV infusion of cholecystokinin (CCK) on choledochoduodenal flow, and (c) the ability of the choledochoduodenal junction to prevent duodenobiliary reflux in two animal species, opossums (n = 11) and cats (n = 8). Opossums(More)
Colonic motility is known to be regulated, in part, by postganglionic sympathetic neurons whose cell bodies are located in the inferior mesenteric ganglion (IMG). Several studies have demonstrated that the neural activity of postganglionic neurons located in the IMG results from the synaptic integration of neural input received not only from the central(More)
Experiments were conducted in vitro to determine the extent to which the intrinsic propulsive behavior of cat terminal ileum and colon is controlled by the enteric nervous system (ENS) and the myogenic control system. Oral and aboral ends of terminal ileal and colonic segments, 17 cm in length, were connected to a propulsion evaluation system that imposed(More)
Experiments were conducted in vitro to determine whether arterial infusion of the C-terminal octapeptide of cholecystokinin (CCK-8) into cat jejunal segments could elicit propulsive behavior when a segment must do hydrostatic work to expel fluid. Oral and aboral ends of jejunal segments, 17 cm in length, were connected to a propulsion evaluation system that(More)