William A. Schumacher

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The effect of inhibiting activated blood coagulation factor XIa was determined in rat models of thrombosis and hemostasis. BMS-262084 is an irreversible and selective small molecule inhibitor of factor XIa with an IC(50) of 2.8 nM against human factor XIa. BMS-262084 doubled the activated thromboplastin time in human and rat plasma at 0.14 and 2.2 microM,(More)
The new P2Y(12) antagonist prasugrel produces greater inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation (IPA) and reduction of thrombotic events in patients versus approved doses of clopidogrel, but increases major bleeding. We examined whether IPA level or P2Y(12) receptor occupancy (RO) could be optimized to better balance the efficacy and bleeding effects(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a plasma carboxypeptidase that renders a fibrin-containing thrombus less sensitive to lysis. In the present study, we describe the development of a murine model of vena cava thrombosis and its use to characterize the antithrombotic activity of potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor (PCI)(More)
Apixaban is an oral, direct, and highly selective factor Xa inhibitor in late-stage clinical development for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic diseases. Apixaban was evaluated in rat thrombosis and hemostasis models. Thrombosis was produced in the carotid artery by FeCl2 application, in the vena cava by either FeCl2 application or tissue factor(More)
Factor XI (FXI) and factor IX (FIX) are zymogens of plasma serine proteases required for normal hemostasis. The purpose of this work was to evaluate FXI and FIX as potential therapeutic targets by means of a refined ferric chloride (FeCl(3))-induced arterial injury model in factor-deficient mice. Various concentrations of FeCl(3) were used to establish the(More)
The dose-limiting issue with available anticoagulant therapies is bleeding. Is there an approach that could provide antithrombotic protection with reduced bleeding? One hypothesis is that targeting proteases upstream from the common pathway provides a reduction in thrombin sufficient to impede occlusive thrombosis yet allows enough thrombin generation to(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is an immunomodulatory and proinflammatory cytokine implicated in neuroinflammation and neuronal damage in response to cerebral ischemia. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE or ADAM17) is a key sheddase that releases TNFalpha from its inactive cell-bound precursor. Using a selective small molecule(More)
Plasma kallikrein is a multifunctional serine protease involved in contact activation of coagulation. Deficiency in humans is characterised by prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT); however, the balance between thrombosis and haemostasis is not fully understood. A study of plasma kallikrein-deficient mice revealed increased aPTT, without(More)
We determined the effects of aspirin and a novel thromboxane A2/prostaglandin endoperoxide (TP)-receptor antagonist, BMS-180291, on thrombosis and bleeding times in skin and mesenteric arteries. In anesthetized rats, occlusive thrombosis was induced in the carotid artery by topical application of ferrous chloride and in the vena cava by blood flow stasis(More)
A series of N1-activated C4-carboxy azetidinones was prepared and tested as inhibitors of human tryptase. The key stereochemical and functional features required for potency, serine protease specificity and aqueous stability were determined. From these studies compound 2, BMS-262084, was identified as a potent and selective tryptase inhibitor which, when(More)