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A role for platelets in the pathogenesis of venous thrombosis was suggested by clinical and preclinical studies. However, examination of the platelet receptor, P2Y1, in this area has been limited. The goal of the current study was to examine effects of P2Y1 deletion, or selective antagonism with MRS2500, in oxidative venous thrombosis in mice. The P2Y12(More)
180,291 1S-(1 alpha, 2 alpha, 3 alpha, 4 alpha)-2-[[3-[4- [(pentylamino)carbonyl]-2-oxazolyl]-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept- 2- yl]methyl]benzenepropanoic acid (BMS) is a potent and highly selective antagonist of thromboxane A2/prostaglandin endoperoxide (TP) receptors. In human platelet-rich plasma, BMS 180,291 inhibited platelet aggregation induced by(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is an immunomodulatory and proinflammatory cytokine implicated in neuroinflammation and neuronal damage in response to cerebral ischemia. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE or ADAM17) is a key sheddase that releases TNFalpha from its inactive cell-bound precursor. Using a selective small molecule(More)
INTRODUCTION Published evidence suggests that phosphoinositide 3 kinase-β (PI3K-β) plays an important role in platelet aggregation and shear activation. TGX-221 is a selective PI3K-β inhibitor with a good separation of anti-thrombotic efficacy and bleeding (therapeutic index) in rats. Our goal was to further evaluate potential of a PI3K-β inhibitor as an(More)
BACKGROUND Increased plasma levels of coagulation factor (F) XI are a risk factor for venous thrombosis. OBJECTIVE To further explore the relationship between FXI and venous thrombosis, we evaluated FXI-deficient and wild-type mice in a ferric chloride (FeCl(3))-induced vena cava thrombosis model. METHODS AND RESULTS Thrombosis was induced by 3-min(More)
The dose-limiting issue with available anticoagulant therapies is bleeding. Is there an approach that could provide antithrombotic protection with reduced bleeding? One hypothesis is that targeting proteases upstream from the common pathway provides a reduction in thrombin sufficient to impede occlusive thrombosis yet allows enough thrombin generation to(More)
Factor XI (FXI) and factor IX (FIX) are zymogens of plasma serine proteases required for normal hemostasis. The purpose of this work was to evaluate FXI and FIX as potential therapeutic targets by means of a refined ferric chloride (FeCl(3))-induced arterial injury model in factor-deficient mice. Various concentrations of FeCl(3) were used to establish the(More)
The effect of inhibiting activated blood coagulation factor XIa was determined in rat models of thrombosis and hemostasis. BMS-262084 is an irreversible and selective small molecule inhibitor of factor XIa with an IC(50) of 2.8 nM against human factor XIa. BMS-262084 doubled the activated thromboplastin time in human and rat plasma at 0.14 and 2.2 microM,(More)
Apixaban is an oral, direct, and highly selective factor Xa inhibitor in late-stage clinical development for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic diseases. Apixaban was evaluated in rat thrombosis and hemostasis models. Thrombosis was produced in the carotid artery by FeCl2 application, in the vena cava by either FeCl2 application or tissue factor(More)