William A Scaringe

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Little or no data exist concerning the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes in intraductal lesions surrounding invasive ductal pancreatic carcinomas. Using a novel improved primer extension and preamplification polymerase chain reaction, we analyzed microdissected paraffin-embedded specimens of pancreatic carcinoma (n = 29) and their corresponding(More)
Analysis of spontaneous multiple mutations in normal and tumor cells may constrain hypotheses about the mechanisms responsible for multiple mutations and provide insight into the mutator phenotype. In a previous study, spontaneous doublets in Big Blue mice were dramatically more frequent than expected by chance and exhibited a mutation pattern similar to(More)
Two germline retrotransposition mutations of recent origin were observed in 727 independent mutations (0.28%) in the human factor IX gene (F9) of patients with hemophilia B: 1) a 279 bp insertion in exon H originating from an Alu family of short interspersed elements not previously known to be active and, 2) a 463 bp insertion in exon E of a LINE1 element(More)
An analysis of mutations was performed in 141 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients previously found to be negative for large deletions by standard multiplex PCR assays. Comprehensive mutation scanning of all coding exons, adjacent intronic splice regions, and promoter sequences was performed by DOVAM-S, a robotically enhanced, high throughput method(More)
We created an Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Mutation Database (http://www.cityofhope.org/cmdl/egfr_db) that curates a convenient compilation of somatic EGFR mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and associated epidemiological and methodological data, including response to the tyrosine kinase inhibitors Gefitinib and Erlotinib. Herein, we(More)
Mutants in the Big Blue transgenic mouse system show spontaneous clustered multiple mutations with unexpectedly high frequency, consistent with chronocoordinate events. We tested the prediction that the multiple mutations seen within the lacI mutation target sometimes occur in the context of chronocoordinate multiple mutations spanning multiple kilobases(More)
To better define the time course of spontaneous mutation frequency in middle to late adulthood of the mouse, measurements were made at 10, 14, 17, 23, 25, and 30 months of age in samples of adipose tissue, liver, cerebellum (90% neurons), and the male germline (95% germ cells). A total of 46 million plaque-forming units (pfus) were screened at the six time(More)
Small consensus sequences have been defined for RNA splicing, but questions about splicing in humans remain unanswered. Analysis of germline mutations in the factor IX gene offers a highly advantageous system for studying the mutational process in humans. In a sample of 860 families with hemophilia B, 9% of independent mutations are likely to disrupt(More)
The molecular epidemiology of factor IX germline mutations in patients with hemophilia B has been studied in detail because it is an advantageous model for analyzing recent germline mutations in humans. It is estimated that mutations have been defined in the majority of nucleotides that are the target for mutation. The likelihood that a factor IX missense(More)
To characterize the nature of multiple mutations in the tissues of an intact animal, the Big Blue transgenic mouse mutation detection system was used to examine 1459 mutants from eight normal tissues and 507 mutants from 11 tumors. Multiple mutations occurred and predominantly doublet mutants were identified (i.e. two mutations within one mutant lacI gene),(More)