William A. Powell

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American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was devastated by an exotic pathogen in the beginning of the twentieth century. This chestnut blight is caused by Cryphonectria parasitica, a fungus that infects stem tissues and kills the trees by girdling them. Because of the great economic and ecological value of this species, significant efforts have been made over(More)
American chestnut (Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.) plants were regenerated from developing ovules through somatic embryogenesis. On an initiation medium containing 18.18 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 1.11 μM 6-benzyladenine (BA), 25 out of 1,576 ovules were induced to form proembryogenic masses (PEMs). These PEMs were cultivated on a development(More)
To guide the design of potential plant pathogen-resistance genes, synthetic variants of naturally occurring antimicrobial gene products were evaluated. Five 20-amino acid (ESF1, ESF4, ESF5, ESF6, ESF13), one 18-amino acid (ESF12), and one 17-amino acid (ESF17) amphipathic peptide sequences were designed, synthesized, and tested with in vitro bioassays.(More)
A cDNA clone of a wheat germin-like oxalate oxidase (OxO) gene regulated by the constitutive CaMV 35S promoter was expressed in a hybrid poplar clone, Populus × euramericana (`Ogy'). Previous studies showed that OxO is likely to play an important role in several aspects of plant development, stress response, and defense against pathogens. In order to study(More)
These studies were designed to test if a binary vector containing the gfp, bar and oxalate oxidase genes could transform American chestnut somatic embryos; to see if a desiccation treatment during co-cultivation would affect the transformation frequency of different American chestnut somatic embryo clones; to explore the effects of more rapid desiccation;(More)
In spontaneous cycles both LH and FSH are secreted in a surge at midcycle. In in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles, hCG administration results in elevation of LH-like activity only. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a single midcycle dose of GnRH agonist with hCG on follicular maturation. Eighteen IVF cycles in 14 women were(More)
We analyzed DNA fingerprints in the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, for stability, inheritance, linkage and variability in a natural population. DNA fingerprints resulting from hybridization with a dispersed moderately repetitive DNA sequence of C. parasitica in plasmid pMS5.1 hybridized to 6-17 restriction fragments per individual(More)
Small antimicrobial peptides are excellent candidates for inclusion in self-processing proteins that could be used to confer pathogen resistance in transgenic plants. Antimicrobial peptides as small as 22 amino acids in length have been designed to incorporate the residual amino acids left from protein processing by the tobacco etch virus'(TEVs') NIa(More)
Pure long-term cytotrophoblast cultures were established from human first-trimester placentas by growing chorionic villus explants without enzymatic digestion. Cytoplasmic human chorionic gonadotropin was detectable in all (100%) cells in culture when labeled with a polyclonal anti-human chorionic gonadotropin antibody and in 71% to 83% of cells labeled(More)
American chestnut (Castanea dentata) is a classic example of a native keystone species that was nearly eradicated by an introduced fungal pathogen. This report describes progress made toward producing a fully American chestnut tree with enhanced resistance to the blight fungus (Cryphonectria parasitica). The transgenic American chestnut 'Darling4,' produced(More)