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In spontaneous cycles both LH and FSH are secreted in a surge at midcycle. In in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles, hCG administration results in elevation of LH-like activity only. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a single midcycle dose of GnRH agonist with hCG on follicular maturation. Eighteen IVF cycles in 14 women were(More)
We analyzed DNA fingerprints in the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, for stability, inheritance, linkage and variability in a natural population. DNA fingerprints resulting from hybridization with a dispersed moderately repetitive DNA sequence of C. parasitica in plasmid pMS5.1 hybridized to 6-17 restriction fragments per individual(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND1471-2229-9-51: American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was devastated by an exotic pathogen in the beginning of the twentieth century. This chestnut blight is caused by Cryphonectria parasitica, a fungus that infects stem tissues and kills the trees by girdling them. Because of the great economic and ecological value of this species,(More)
Pure long-term cytotrophoblast cultures were established from human first-trimester placentas by growing chorionic villus explants without enzymatic digestion. Cytoplasmic human chorionic gonadotropin was detectable in all (100%) cells in culture when labeled with a polyclonal anti-human chorionic gonadotropin antibody and in 71% to 83% of cells labeled(More)
A century ago, Chestnut Blight Disease (CBD) devastated the American chestnut. Backcross breeding has been underway to introgress resistance from Chinese chestnut into surviving American chestnut genotypes. Development of genomic resources for the family Fagaceae, has focused in this project on Castanea mollissima Blume (Chinese chestnut) and Castanea(More)
American chestnut (Castanea dentata) is a classic example of a native keystone species that was nearly eradicated by an introduced fungal pathogen. This report describes progress made toward producing a fully American chestnut tree with enhanced resistance to the blight fungus (Cryphonectria parasitica). The transgenic American chestnut 'Darling4,' produced(More)
The key to successful transformation of American chestnut is having the correct combination of explant tissue, selectable markers, a very robust DNA delivery system, and a reliable regeneration system. The most important components of this transformation protocol for American chestnut are the following: starting out with rapidly dividing somatic embryos,(More)
A cDNA clone of a wheat germin-like oxalate oxidase (OxO) gene regulated by the constitutive CaMV 35S promoter was expressed in a hybrid poplar clone, Populus x euramericana ('Ogy'). Previous studies showed that OxO is likely to play an important role in several aspects of plant development, stress response, and defense against pathogens. In order to study(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been reported to stimulate LH, GH, ACTH, and TSH release from cultured pituitary cells. IL-1 also has been found to be secreted in significant amounts by placental macrophages. To determine the possible role of IL-1 within the placenta, we studied the effects of human recombinant IL-1 on hCG release by long term cultures of human(More)
Human chorion can synthesize and metabolize progesterone, and changes in progesterone synthesis by chorion at term might be important in the processes leading to parturition. We examined whether other steroids present within the maternal compartment and amniotic fluid during late pregnancy influence progesterone output by explants of chorion. We also sought(More)