William A. Payne

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Device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is commonly performed in older children and adults. Infants and toddlers (age <4 years) are seldom referred for ASD closure due to size constraints. However, in many cases device ASD closure can be performed in this population. Between 2002 and 2012, 61 infants and toddlers were taken to the catheterization(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to evaluate risk factors for poor weight gain in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after stage 1 palliation. METHODS We reviewed all term infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who had stage 1 palliation and stage 2 palliation at Texas Children's Hospital between 2000 and 2011 (n = 120). Predictor(More)
The pathologic alterations occurring in the gingival tissues of humans immediately following the beginning of plaque accumulation have not heen elucidated previously. Seven males, 22--31 years of age, free of clinical manifestations of dental and periodontal disease, and exhibiting a Plaque Index score of zero for the previous 28 days served as subjects. (More)
Agroforestry parklands are an important agricultural practice in southern Mali where trees such as the Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn) improve soil fertility and crop growth. However, it is not known whether Shea trees can ameliorate Zn-deficient soils or improve Zn uptake from soils of high-Zn, mafic origin. A total of 22 Shea trees preserved in(More)
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