William A. Li

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Hyperglycemia affects approximately one-third of acute ischemic stroke patients and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. In experimental and clinical stroke studies, hyperglycemia has been shown to be detrimental to the penumbral tissue for several reasons. First, hyperglycemia exacerbates both calcium imbalance and the accumulation of reactive oxygen(More)
OBJECTIVES The configuration of the confluence of sinuses differs not only between individuals, but also between the two brain hemispheres, making the anatomical classification of this region difficult. In this study, we evaluated the anatomy of the confluence of sinuses and ascertained the accuracy and usefulness of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The effect of normobaric oxygen (NBO) on apoptosis remains controversial. The present study evaluated the effect of NBO on ischemia-induced apoptosis and assessed the potential for improved outcomes by combining NBO administration with another neuroprotective agent, ethanol, in a rat stroke model. METHODS Rats were subjected to(More)
Post-ischemia ethanol (EtOH) treatments have been shown to exhibit neuroprotective effects in stroke. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects and those on blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity have yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we determined whether administering differing concentrations of EtOH alter the expressions of BBB integral(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-cerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating complication that can result from superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass in patients undergoing treatment for steno-occlusive cerebrovascular disease (CVD). There is a clinical need to find the possible risk factors to prevent ICH, as it is a significant cause of(More)
Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis and cause significant impairments in social and occupational functions. Although currently approved medications are efficacious, they are far from satisfactory. Benzodiazepines, antidepressants, antihistamines and anxiolytics have the potential for dependence(More)
  • Shuzhong Liu, An Song, +4 authors Yong Liu
  • Medicine
  • 2017
RATIONALE We present a rare case of malignant pheochromocytoma with thoracic metastases during pregnancy that presented with symptoms of myelopathy and was treated with circumferential decompression, stabilization, and radiation. The management of this unique case is not well documented. The clinical manifestations, imaging results, pathological(More)
OBJECTIVE Predictive scores are important tools for stratifying patients based on their risk of future vascular events and for selecting preventive therapies. The aim of this study is to validate the Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) for stratifying stroke recurrence in different subtypes of non-atrial fibrillation ischemic stroke in a large Chinese cohort. (More)
Each year, more than 790 000 people in the United States suffer from a stroke. Although progress has been made in diagnosis and treatment of ischemic stroke (IS), new therapeutic interventions to protect the brain during an ischemic insult is highly needed. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally.(More)